Category Archives: Inventory

NM: Backpack on def when he was arrested was subject to inventory even though he was separated from it when searched

Defendant’s backpack was on him when arrested, and it was still subject to police inventory for all the policies of inventory. State v. Davis, 2017 N.M. LEXIS 86 (Nov. 9, 2017), revg, 2016-NMCA-073, 387 P.3d 274 (posted here):

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OH3: Search incident under Gant isn’t automatic in a DUI arrest; more indicators required

OVI (DUI) is not an offense where there is per se evidence to be found in the vehicle by search incident under Gant (or the automobile exception). Something more than just the offense is required to use the stop to … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: PC for automobile exception continues into impoundment

Probable cause for a vehicle search under the automobile exception continues into impoundment for later inventory even though the vehicle is immobilized by where it is. Also, permission from the owner gives the driver of a car standing. United States … Continue reading

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M.D.Tenn.: 6 day delay in installing a court ordered tracking device wasn’t unreasonable without a showing that PC dissipated

A six day delay in installing a court ordered tracking device wasn’t unreasonable without a showing that the probable cause dissipated in the meantime, and defendant didn’t. United States v. Thirkill, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 166131 (M.D. Tenn. Oct. 5, … Continue reading

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MA: Inventory was not shown to be pretextual and was within policy

The suppression hearing judge found the officer credible on the question of whether the inventory was pretextual and concluded it was not. As a credibility determination, it can’t be reversed on appeal. The inventory was otherwise reasonable. Commonwealth v. Ehiabhi, … Continue reading

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NM: Vehicle impoundment does not entirely depend upon there being an arrest of the driver; community caretaking function can justify it

An impoundment does not entirely depend upon there being an arrest of the driver. Usually, it does, but it certainly can if impoundment is required under the community caretaking function for some other reason. Here, defendant was taken to the … Continue reading

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MD: 40 years after questioning inventory, the author of those opinions comes around to embrace inventory

The vehicle inventory was caught on body camera, and the officer failed to include the spare tire, jack, and jumper cables. That did not make the inventory invalid. In addition, a valid inventory with a mixed motive is not unreasonable … Continue reading

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MI: If the arrest is invalid, the inventory that follows it is invalid

If the arrest is invalid, the inventory that follows it is invalid. People v. Wood, 2017 Mich. App. LEXIS 1482 (Sept. 19, 2017). Defendant’s admission he had open containers in the vehicle justified a search for them, and, after they … Continue reading

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CA4: Inventory policy’s failure to mention dealing with closed containers doesn’t make it unreasonable

The inventory policy sufficiently curtailed the officer’s discretion to be constitutional. It did not mention closed containers but that doesn’t make it unconstitutional. The officer’s search of a laptop case was reasonable even though the officer didn’t log everything that … Continue reading

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N.D.Tex.: Def was arrested in a prostitution sting and his car was on a parking lot; govt fails to show impoundment proper

Defendant was arrested in a prostitution sting, and his car was impounded and searched. The court suppresses the search under the community caretaking function for not following the rules of the department. The government has the burden on a warrantless … Continue reading

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N.D.Iowa: Less intrusive measures to impoundment are not constitutionally required

The discretionary decision to impound defendant’s RV was reasonable under the Fourth Amendment. The officer’s primary concern was arresting the driver for an outstanding warrant, not searching the vehicle. It would have been left on a rural road and posed … Continue reading

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IL: 911 call about a beating in a house supported emergency entry and plain view; without record of suppression hearing, trial testimony can be used on appeal

911 was called because defendant had just beaten an alleged prostitute and people heard glass breaking and her yelling for help. Defendant admitted beating her. He failed to include a copy of the record of the suppression hearing in his … Continue reading

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