Category Archives: Particularity

CA6: Officer executing a state arrest warrant doesn’t have to independently verify its validity

Defendant contended that the officer executing an invalid state arrest warrant had a duty to verify the validity of the warrant before executing it. He didn’t, and the officer acted in otherwise good faith. Therefore, the exclusionary rule would not … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: Scrivener’s error as to property to be seized was cured in context

A scrivener’s error as to alleged vagueness in the property to be searched and seized was cured in context of the documents. United States v. Carter, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 168543 (M.D. Fla. Sept. 15, 2020). Defendant’s blocking the street … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: Mask ordinance doesn’t violate 4A right of privacy

The City of Springfield mask ordinance does not violate, inter alia, the Fourth Amendment right to privacy. Shelton v. City of Springfield, 6:20-cv-03258 (W.D. Mo. Sept. 2, 2020). “In specifically detailing the criminal conduct under investigation, the search warrants provide … Continue reading

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OH2: The fact a SW had a laundry list of 182 things to search for and seize isn’t fatal where def doesn’t show what was overseized

The search warrant here was for illegal fireworks and listed 182 items to be seized, including fireworks. “Johnson also contends the warrant is invalid because it authorized the seizure of a boilerplate list of 182 items, all or most of … Continue reading

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FL3: Some discretion in the seizing officers as to what should be seized was not unreasonable or a lack of particularity

Some discretion in the seizing officers as to what should be seized was not unreasonable or a lack of particularity. An unfilled-in blank on the warrant didn’t make it vague, either. Also, defendant waived his probable cause argument on appeal … Continue reading

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D.Idaho: Broad email warrants are not per se unreasonable

Broad email search warrants were not unreasonable just because they were broad. The breadth of the financial crime under investigation justifies it. In addition, the good faith exception applies and it’s too early to tell if any has to be … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: Using cell site simulator with SW was reasonable and particular

A warrant supported by ample probable cause was used for a cell site simulator to find defendant’s cell phones. No conversations were captured. The USMJ compared it to a tracking warrant, which wasn’t unreasonable. The warrant was also constitutionally particular. … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: Illustrative list in SW satisfies particularity

Use of an illustrative list helps show particularity of the search warrant. United States v. Messalas, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 123735 (E.D. N.Y. July 10, 2020). The video of the stop supports justification for the stop. State v. Rivera, 2020 … Continue reading

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NE: SW’s cut and paste error on what to be searched could be overlooked here

A cut and paste error in a search warrant that referred to other property could be overlooked when the true particularity could be seen. State v. Said, 306 Neb. 314 (July 2, 2020):

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AK: Misspelling of target name in a warrant to record a conversation didn’t void the warrant when right person was recorded

Officers obtained a warrant under state law to record a future conversation with defendant about his alleged sexual assault of a passed out woman, but they didn’t have the spelling right (Darren, not Darin) and a wrong middle initial. There … Continue reading

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CA2: Second Tasing of nonresisting detainee was unreasonable

On this record, the second Tasing of plaintiff could be found unreasonable for lack of resistance, which the jury did. Jones v. Treubig, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 19883 (2d Cir. June 26, 2020). The search under defendant’s consent for “firearms/evidence” … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Def’s efforts to cast innocent explanation to the facts articulated by the officer don’t undermine PC

While it is certainly possible the officer likely had a subjective intent to search, “‘[s]ubjective intentions play no role in ordinary, probable-cause Fourth Amendment analysis.’ Whren v. United States, 517 U.S. 806, 813 (1996). A showing that a police officer … Continue reading

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NE: Indicia linking def to premises searched could be subject of SW; affidavit didn’t need a detailed explanation of CODIS for magistrate

Obtaining defendant’s CSLI in February 2017, 16 months before Carpenter, was in good faith and reasonable. That information could thus be used in an affidavit for search warrant for his house because probable cause was otherwise shown for it. Also, … Continue reading

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OH4: Folded piece of paper wasn’t plain feel during stop and frisk

A folded piece of paper couldn’t be searched in a stop and frisk and plain feel because the contents weren’t felt. State v. McClure, 2020-Ohio-1574, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 1524 (4th Dist. Apr. 16, 2020). “The search warrant was sufficiently … Continue reading

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KY: Detaining bystanders to facilitate the arrest of one was reasonable

State case law already permits officers to detain bystanders for a reasonable period for officer safety in execution of search warrants. The court adopts the Sixth Circuit rule and extends it to arrest warrants, too. “We hold that detaining Constant … Continue reading

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CO: SW for everything on cell phone was general warrant in violation of 4A

The search warrant for defendant’s cell phone had a particular list of files sought, but it still was effectively a general warrant in violation of the Fourth Amendment because it sought virtually everything on the cell phone without regard to … Continue reading

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