Category Archives: Community caretaking function

ME: Def’s jacket she was sitting on when arrested was properly subject to search incident

Defendant’s jacket was still associated with her when she was arrested, and it was properly subject to a search incident even though she was handcuffed and sitting on it. The validity of the search incident, however, did not translate into … Continue reading

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OH12: No return of storage media holding CP

Defendant sought return of the electronic storage media containing child pornography. Denied. State v. Van Tielen, 2018-Ohio-3421, 2018 Ohio App. LEXIS 3715 (12th Dist. Aug. 27, 2018). The officer opened defendant’s van door because he was justifiably looking for a … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: Alleged isolated violation of Posse Comitatus Act doesn’t require exclusion

Alleged isolated violation of Posse Comitatus Act doesn’t require exclusion. McGill v. United States, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142130 (N.D. Ga. Aug. 22, 2018). Trash cans were left at the street for collection of the contents, so there was no … Continue reading

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CA2: Def called 911 about a prowler; when police arrived he at least implicitly if not explicitly consented to police and dog entry

Defendant called 911 about a prowler possibly inside, and he consented at least implicitly if not explicitly to entry of the responding officer and his dog which then alerted to drugs. The entry was reasonable and consensual. United States v. … Continue reading

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IA: Stopping behind a car parked with brake lights on on a country road at 1 am was reasonable under the community caretaking function

“This case requires us to decide whether an officer was justified in pulling behind a vehicle and activating his emergency lights when the vehicle was stopped by the side of a highway after 1:00 a.m. with its brake lights engaged. … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: A 16 year old girl, over the age of consent, was in a hotel room with a 45 year old man; that alone was not exigency

A 16 year old girl, over the age of consent, was in a hotel room with a 45 year old man. That alone did not create exigent circumstances. Certainly the parents would be concerned, but there was no evidence that … Continue reading

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Cal.2d: 911 call about threat to shoot oneself supports entry and cursory search for weapons

A 911 call about an apparent threat to shoot oneself supports a community caretaking entry and cursory look around the house. People v. Ovieda, 2018 Cal. App. LEXIS 34 (2d Dist. Jan. 17, 2018):

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PA: Flashing overhead lights on a police car means stop and stay until released; stopping to check GPS isn’t RS

According to the vehicle code and the driver’s license manual, when a police car has its lights on, a driver is to stop until let go. Here, the officer pulled up next to defendant’s car on the side of I-79 … Continue reading

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UT: Potentially missing 65 yo man led to welfare check entry of his house at insistence of his mother; “welfare check” entry valid

Defendant was 65, in ill-health, and his mother talked to him every day. When she hadn’t heard from him, she called the police to check on him. At the house, nobody answered the door, the lights were on, there was … Continue reading

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NM: Vehicle impoundment does not entirely depend upon there being an arrest of the driver; community caretaking function can justify it

An impoundment does not entirely depend upon there being an arrest of the driver. Usually, it does, but it certainly can if impoundment is required under the community caretaking function for some other reason. Here, defendant was taken to the … Continue reading

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OH4: Community caretaking function applies to unresponsive person in car

Officers did not seize defendant’s car when they approached and knocked on the window to rouse him. That was valid under the community caretaking function. They had reasonable suspicion, however, because he was disoriented, jittery, nervous, had dilated pupils, glassy … Continue reading

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OH2: No record of suppression hearing brought up means no appellate review

The trial court’s denial of the motion to suppress couldn’t be considered on appeal because the record of the hearing was never filed for the appeal. State v. Tscheiner, 2017-Ohio-7641, 2017 Ohio App. LEXIS 3962 (2d Dist. Sept. 15, 2017). … Continue reading

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