Category Archives: Burden of proof

NY3: Failure to raise scope of consent to search in trial court is waiver

The car defendant back seat passenger was in was stopped for a traffic violation, and there was a furtive movement by the front seat passenger just before the vehicle came to a stop. The driver said they were going to … Continue reading

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OR: When the state argues a stop was continued with RS, it has the burden of proof and here it failed

Defendant was stopped on a bicycle for a headlight violation of what was likely a mixed motive stop because he was carrying a pillow case and that suggested residential burglary. The stop was conceded to be valid, but the continuation … Continue reading

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IL: After losing suppression motion, state asserted lack of standing in a motion to reconsider, and it’s too late

The state has the burden of alleging defendant didn’t have standing, and here it didn’t do so until a motion to reconsider claiming it was the trial court’s error of law. To succeed on a motion to reconsider, the state … Continue reading

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CA1: It was def’s burden to show guest standing and he failed

Defendant put on no proof of how long he was in another’s hotel room to claim standing in the room. The district court inferred, without much support, that he slept there for some brief period of time, and that’s not … Continue reading

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E.D.Va.: Circuit authority doesn’t require SW for CSLI, so there’s no point in waiting for Carpenter

CSLI without a search warrant is permitted under the law of this circuit, so there’s no point in waiting for Carpenter to be decided. [Without explicitly saying it, Davis good faith exception will apply.] United States v. Simmons, 2017 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA9: Failure to argue curtilage was violated in district court barred argument on appeal

Viewing photographs of the scene, the district court could conclude that the officers could see defendant with methamphetamine in his garage. “Tran did not argue below that the officers unlawfully entered the curtilage of Chong’s home and therefore waived this … Continue reading

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KY: Confrontation clause doesn’t apply in suppression hearings

The Sixth Amendment’s confrontation clause doesn’t apply to a suppression hearing to get the typical CI on the stand to attack his reliability. [Now, if the CI was a material witness to the case under Roviaro, likely so.] Hawkins v. … Continue reading

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MO: Where 2 SWs authorize search, both have to be suppressed for def to prevail; challenging only one is moot

There were two search warrants authorizing the search of defendant’s computers for child pornography. He challenged the second but not the first, and that makes his argument moot. State v. Cato, 2017 Mo. App. LEXIS 1298 (Dec. 12, 2017). A … Continue reading

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IL: When lack of PC for arrest is raised, the state can rely on hearsay to establish it

When the defendant challenges probable cause for arrest, hearsay is admissible to show it. People v. Horine, 2017 IL App (4th) 170128, 2017 Ill. App. LEXIS 743 (Dec. 5, 2017):

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CA2: In a § 1983 case alleging lack of PC from omission of information to issuing magistrate, it’s ptf’s burden

In this § 1983 case there was probable cause for issuance of an animal abuse warrant. To argue the probable cause was tainted by omission of information, plaintiff carries the burden, and here she failed. Kanciper v. Lato, 2017 U.S. … Continue reading

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MA: Search of vehicle outside territorial jurisdiction of officers was void; inevitable discovery rejected

The informant hearsay satisfied Aguilar-Spinneli and thus showed probable cause. The search incident of defendant’s person was thus justified. The search of a car in an adjoining town was unreasonable because there was no statutory authorization for it under state … Continue reading

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MD: Def agreed to postpone suppression hearing until trial and then didn’t bring it up; invited error and not preserved

Defendant failed to preserve his Fourth Amendment claims for appeal. You don’t get a hearing just by asking. He didn’t make a proffer in his Franks motion which was enough to deny it. Then, whatever issue was left, the defense … Continue reading

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