Category Archives: Burden of pleading

OH4: That stop was with RS isn’t arguing that it was continued with RS, and that’s waiver

Defendant started with the argument that the stop lacked reasonable suspicion, but he did not argue that the stop was continued with reasonable suspicion until the appeal. Failure to raise it that way in the trial court was waiver. State … Continue reading

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CA11: Failure to plead facts of standing or REP requires denial of motion to suppress

“If a defendant fails to plead sufficient facts to show a reasonable expectation of privacy, ‘a trial court may refuse a defendant’s request for a suppression hearing’ and deny his motion to suppress.” United States v. Robinson, 2022 U.S. App. … Continue reading

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CA9: Govt “tucked” independent source argument into another and then abandoned it for years; not fully developed

The government’s independent source argument was (1) tucked into another argument and then not fully developed, and (2) then essentially abandoned for years during the litigation. It was not fully developed. United States v. Osborne, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 2682 … Continue reading

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S.D.Ind.: The state used Google satellite images to corroborate officer’s testimony of stop

The government used Google satellite images and distancing to corroborate the officer’s testimony defendant didn’t signal his turn in time. After the stop, the smell of marijuana was apparent. United States v. Miles, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14860 (S.D.Ind. Jan. … Continue reading

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OH2: Police car blocking def’s car in a parking lot was a seizure without RS

“We conclude that a police officer’s act of positioning the cruiser in a way that made it difficult, albeit not impossible, for Jones to drive away constituted a show of authority sufficient to cause a reasonable person in Jones’ position … Continue reading

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CA1: Def preserved Rodriguez argument without citing it

Defendant preserved his Rodriguez argument by stating that the stop was continued without reasonable suspicion but not citing the case. Nevertheless, he loses on the merits. United States v. Reyes, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 1417 (1st Cir. Jan. 19, 2022). … Continue reading

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DE: Mere citation of a case in motion to suppress didn’t put state and court on notice as to other issues

Defendant’s citation of a case in his motion to suppress that was on point to only one issue but not the others was insufficient to put the state and court on notice as to the others. State v. Hollar, 2021 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: Failure to record videoconference SW application under state law not 4A violation

Georgia has allowed video conferencing search warrant application for years. The statute requires a recording, but the federal courts have never held that a failure to record violates the Fourth Amendment when a state search warrant ends up in federal … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Supposed Franks challenge really only expressing things for cross at trial

Defendant’s motion to reconsideration seems to raise a Franks-type challenge to the search which was not the focus of his original motion to suppress. What he raises “may be interesting cross-examination at trial, [but] they fail entirely to undermine the … Continue reading

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CA6: No REP in truck driven without authority and probably stolen

Defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy in a truck that was, for all intents and purposes, stolen from a mentally ill woman who could not remember who it was loaned to or when. Moreover, he denied knowledge of the … Continue reading

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TN: Merely citing to the particularity requirement not effective appellate argument without context

Defendant’s particularity argument fails for lack of cogent argument: “Defendant’s first question regarding the probable cause requirement has already been answered, and Defendant offers no evidence or argument in support of his apparent challenge to the particularity of the warrant. … Continue reading

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W.D.N.Y.: SI lacking PC is suppressed

Defendant was arrested and searched incident to arrest, and the court finds no valid basis for the search. He was too far away from and out of sight of the drugs the government was attempting to link to him. United … Continue reading

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CA9: Defendant had standing in his hotel room despite having no REP in a stolen laptop in the room

Defendant had standing to challenge the search of his hotel room, but he did not have any reasonable expectation of privacy in a stolen laptop he possessed. If the entry into the hotel room is unreasonable, the seizure of the … Continue reading

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CA3: No suppression hearing needed on the mere chance something will turn up

The request for an evidentiary hearing on a suppression motion based on the mere hope something might turn up is really just speculation and should be denied. United States v. Dfouni, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 15091 (3d Cir. May 19, … Continue reading

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AZ: Failure to include SW and affidavit in record for appeal is waiver

Defendant waived the Fourth Amendment claim about the search of his blood by not including the search warrant and its application in the appellate record. It is thus presumed to support the trial court’s decision. State v. Gomez, 2021 Ariz. … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Exigency for entry fails; officers knew victim was not there

The emergency aid justification for a warrantless entry into defendant’s house in a domestic dispute wasn’t applicable because there no longer was an emergency. The victim was safe elsewhere and nobody was home. Also, the good faith exception wasn’t proved … Continue reading

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W.D.Pa.: Generic motion to suppress denied

Defendant’s general motion to suppress is denied. United States v. Knox, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 72716 (W.D. Pa. Apr. 15, 2021). “In short, when viewing this evidence in the light most favorable to appellant, reasonable minds could only conclude that … Continue reading

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CA3: Mid-trial suppression argument wasn’t timely

Defendant’s mid-trial suppression motion was untimely despite the defense claim that this was a second search he wasn’t aware of until it came up at trial. United States v. Elcock, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 9503 (3d Cir. Apr. 1, 2021). … Continue reading

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W.D.La.: Motion to suppress SW has to plead and proffer that GFE doesn’t apply

Defendant had a duty to address the good faith exception in his motion and amended motion to suppress a search under a warrant, but he did not. United States v. Lyons, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 48780 (W.D. La. Feb. 17, … Continue reading

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KY: Trial court has no duty to suppress without defense objection

The trial court has no duty to sua sponte suppress when the defense makes no objection. It also isn’t plain error. Gardner v. Commonwealth, 2021 Ky. App. LEXIS 23 (Mar. 12, 2021) (unpublished):

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