Category Archives: Burden of pleading

TX4: No REP in totaled car at the wrecker yard

Defendant totaled his car in an accident. The black box evidence was sought by warrant, but the court holds that defendant effectively abandoned the car to the wrecking yard. Vitela v. State, 2022 Tex. App. LEXIS 2759 (Tex. App. – … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: Empty sandwich bag in car not subject to plain view; incriminating nature not immediately apparent

The government failed to establish reasonable suspicion for defendant’s stop on an anonymous tip where nothing of substance was furnished contrary to Navarette. Moreover, it wasn’t immediately apparent an empty sandwich bag in the car was incriminating for plain view. … Continue reading

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NM: Motion to suppress checkpoint stop too general to put state on notice

“We conclude Defendant’s motion was insufficiently particular to alert the metropolitan court or State that the grounds for suppressing evidence related to the checkpoint’s illegality.” “Defendant’s motion, rather, was based upon the State lacking reasonable suspicion to detain Defendant. The … Continue reading

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D.C.Cir.: Admin. law: 4A claims must be brought at agency level first

In an action before the Board for Correction of Naval Records, the service member had to raise his Fourth Amendment claim before the agency or it is waived, which is what happened here. McPherson v. Del Toro, Sec’y of the … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Video of def and cell phone at scene of crime is PC for phone

Defendant with his cell phone in hand was at the scene of a shooting as shown by surveillance video. That’s probable cause for the phone. United States v. King, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 53647 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 24, 2022). When the … Continue reading

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Not being candid about the SW or affidavit in the motion to suppress isn’t good for the defense

“Moreover, even if Defendant is correct that SAPD lacked probable cause to search his vehicle, a motion to suppress is unlikely to succeed. Defendant focuses on one paragraph of the search warrant affidavits and ignores the other four paragraphs detailing … Continue reading

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CA4: If you’re going to call the search “egregious,” at least cite a case

“Dr. Dong next asserts, without citation to case law, that ‘[e]gregious procedural deficiencies in the investigation, prosecution, trial and sentencing’ occurred such that his convictions and sentence must be reversed. Opening Br. 18. He first points to alleged deficiencies in … Continue reading

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OH3: Where PC exists as to a car, use of a drug dog before the physical search not unreasonable

Once the officer smells marijuana, it violates no law to use a drug dog first rather than just proceeding to search the car. State v. Jones, 2022-Ohio-561, 2022 Ohio App. LEXIS 487 (3d Dist. Feb. 18, 2022). (The less intrusive … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: A reasonably conducted eviction is not a 4A violation

“Most eviction-type seizures do not violate the Fourth Amendment. Thomas v. Cohen, 304 F.3d 563, 574 (6th Cir. 2002) (citing Soldal v. Cook County, 506 U.S. 56, 71, 113 S. Ct. 538, 121 L. Ed. 2d 450 (1992)). Seizing an … Continue reading

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N.D.Ill.: A “network of pole cameras” doesn’t violate 4A

Five pole cameras were trained on defendant’s house. A “network of pole cameras” isn’t a Fourth Amendment violation. See United States v. Tuggle, 4 F.4th 505 (7th Cir. 2021). Moreover, he does not rebut the presumption of good faith with … Continue reading

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OH4: That stop was with RS isn’t arguing that it was continued with RS, and that’s waiver

Defendant started with the argument that the stop lacked reasonable suspicion, but he did not argue that the stop was continued with reasonable suspicion until the appeal. Failure to raise it that way in the trial court was waiver. State … Continue reading

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CA11: Failure to plead facts of standing or REP requires denial of motion to suppress

“If a defendant fails to plead sufficient facts to show a reasonable expectation of privacy, ‘a trial court may refuse a defendant’s request for a suppression hearing’ and deny his motion to suppress.” United States v. Robinson, 2022 U.S. App. … Continue reading

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CA9: Govt “tucked” independent source argument into another and then abandoned it for years; not fully developed

The government’s independent source argument was (1) tucked into another argument and then not fully developed, and (2) then essentially abandoned for years during the litigation. It was not fully developed. United States v. Osborne, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 2682 … Continue reading

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S.D.Ind.: The state used Google satellite images to corroborate officer’s testimony of stop

The government used Google satellite images and distancing to corroborate the officer’s testimony defendant didn’t signal his turn in time. After the stop, the smell of marijuana was apparent. United States v. Miles, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14860 (S.D.Ind. Jan. … Continue reading

Posted in Admissibility of evidence, Burden of pleading, Burden of proof, Excessive force | Comments Off on S.D.Ind.: The state used Google satellite images to corroborate officer’s testimony of stop

OH2: Police car blocking def’s car in a parking lot was a seizure without RS

“We conclude that a police officer’s act of positioning the cruiser in a way that made it difficult, albeit not impossible, for Jones to drive away constituted a show of authority sufficient to cause a reasonable person in Jones’ position … Continue reading

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CA1: Def preserved Rodriguez argument without citing it

Defendant preserved his Rodriguez argument by stating that the stop was continued without reasonable suspicion but not citing the case. Nevertheless, he loses on the merits. United States v. Reyes, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 1417 (1st Cir. Jan. 19, 2022). … Continue reading

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DE: Mere citation of a case in motion to suppress didn’t put state and court on notice as to other issues

Defendant’s citation of a case in his motion to suppress that was on point to only one issue but not the others was insufficient to put the state and court on notice as to the others. State v. Hollar, 2021 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: Failure to record videoconference SW application under state law not 4A violation

Georgia has allowed video conferencing search warrant application for years. The statute requires a recording, but the federal courts have never held that a failure to record violates the Fourth Amendment when a state search warrant ends up in federal … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Supposed Franks challenge really only expressing things for cross at trial

Defendant’s motion to reconsideration seems to raise a Franks-type challenge to the search which was not the focus of his original motion to suppress. What he raises “may be interesting cross-examination at trial, [but] they fail entirely to undermine the … Continue reading

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CA6: No REP in truck driven without authority and probably stolen

Defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy in a truck that was, for all intents and purposes, stolen from a mentally ill woman who could not remember who it was loaned to or when. Moreover, he denied knowledge of the … Continue reading

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