Category Archives: Standards of review

CA11: Officers executing a SW at a house can approach an occupied car parked out front

“The district court did not err by denying Turner’s motion to suppress. Delgado was entitled, ‘without any level of suspicion,’ to approach a car in a dangerous locale with an unknown number of occupants parked near a residence where he … Continue reading

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E.D.Va.: SW authorized search of safe in house even though in room of another occupant

The search warrant authorized a search of a safe in a house even though the room it was in wasn’t occupied by the target of the search. The search warrant wasn’t stale because the drug activities it refers to were … Continue reading

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CA10: Where wrong standard of review applied below, undisputed facts allow appellate court to still decide

“Because the evidence presented by the government at the evidentiary hearing in this case was largely undisputed, we conclude that the district court’s factual findings were not clearly erroneous, and that its misapplication of the standard of review does not … Continue reading

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W.D.Wash.: Govt doesn’t need SW to search its own records

The government doesn’t need a search warrant to search its own records. No case says anything like that, and there is no reasonable expectation of privacy in the private sense. United States v. Fanyo-Patchou, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 155998 (W.D. … Continue reading

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MS: Def’s consent moots his lack of PC claim

Defendant’s claim of lack of probable cause goes unanswered because there is plenty of evidence of consent. Harris v. State, 2020 Miss. App. LEXIS 499 (Aug. 25, 2020):*

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TX7: Trial court’s initially misstating burden of proof was on def was corrected in the ultimate findings

The trial court first stated that the burden on consent was on the defendant, but the ultimate findings of fact and conclusions of law concluded that the state proved it by sufficient evidence. This corrected the previous mistake, and the … Continue reading

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Cal.: PC shown for SW for murder crime scene

The affidavit for the search warrant of a trailer and curtilage as a crime scene showed probable cause to believe evidence could be there. People v. Suarez, 2020 Cal. LEXIS 5355 (Aug. 13, 2020). Defendant’s appeal raised a substantial question … Continue reading

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CA6: Failure to object to USMJ’s R&R is waiver of 4A claim

Defendant waived his Fourth Amendment challenge to his stop and frisk by not objecting to the USMJ’s R&R. United States v. Smith, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 24261 (6th Cir. July 31, 2020). Defendant doesn’t show any plausible basis for defense … Continue reading

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SC: Unzipped pants in traffic stop contributed to RS

“Because we must evaluate the trial court’s findings for clear error, we reluctantly conclude evidence supported the trial court’s finding the officer had reasonable suspicion to extend the stop.” Partly from unzipped pants which suggests to the officer hiding drugs … Continue reading

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CA6: Tasering resisting suspect is reasonable

Tasering a resisting suspect is reasonable, and the video shows it. Siders v. City of Eastpointe, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 23454 (6th Cir. July 24, 2020).* The controlled buy off defendant was clearly probable cause for the search warrant, so … Continue reading

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M.D.Tenn.: Dashcam perspective may be different than officer’s

The dashcam video does not undermine the crediblity of the officer on the basis for the stop because the dashcam’s perspective may be different than the officer’s. United States v. Cart, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 130796 (M.D. Tenn. July 24, … Continue reading

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CA9: Dist.Ct.’s findings of pretextual inventory supported by evidence and affirmed

The district court’s conclusion the impoundment of the car and inventory search was pretextual is supported by the evidence and is affirmed. United States v. Turnbow, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 22341 (9th Cir. July 17, 2020). Defendant’s argument over the … Continue reading

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CA2: Failure to fully articulate 4A argument in brief is waiver

“Although Plaintiff references her Fourth Amendment claims against the unidentified police officers in her list of ‘questions presented,’ she makes no argument to support those claims in her brief. See Appellant Br. 2, 6-13. We therefore view these claims as … Continue reading

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CA3: Finding suspect near bank that was just robbed generally matching description but with short sleeves in winter was RS

“With respect to the issue of reasonable suspicion, this is a close case. Defendants were not wearing all of the clothing described in the dispatch or depicted on the surveillance video, and their reaction to the police vehicle could be … Continue reading

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CA3 still doesn’t adopt standard of review for Franks challenges

The Third Circuit notes that it has yet to adopt a standard of review for Franks claims; see United States v. Pavulak, 700 F.3d 651, 665-66 (3d Cir. 2012); and it doesn’t have to here because, whichever applies, defendant loses. … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Collective knowledge applies to traffic stops

The collective knowledge doctrine applies to traffic stops. United States v. Murray, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 111040 (S.D. Ohio June 24, 2020). “Applying this [deferential] standard of review to the warrant application, the Court has reviewed the application and finds … Continue reading

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