Category Archives: Curtilage

CA3: Arrest without PC doesn’t require dismissal of indictment

If an arrest was without probable cause, evidence derived from the arrest might be suppressible but the indictment would not be quashed. United States v. Rodriguez-Mendez, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 11558 (3d Cir. May 11, 2023).* Being unable to read … Continue reading

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CA6: Entry onto driveway didn’t violate curtilage

Officers’ entry onto plaintiff’s driveway did not violate curtilage. Habich v. Wayne Cty., 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 8868 (6th Cir. Apr. 12, 2023). No reasonable expectation of privacy in the contents of trash cans left at the curb for collection. … Continue reading

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E.D.Va.: Seizing def as he was opening his door was an invasion of the curtilage without exigency

After an attempted traffic stop, following defendant to his front door and stopping him after the screen door was opened in between it and the front door was curtilage, even in an apartment building. There was no exigency justifying the … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Possession of a gun in car in Walmart parking lot wasn’t a crime and search for it under community caretaking function unreasonable

Police were called to a Walmart parking lot in Albuquerque because defendant was “unconscious” in his car in his car, and a gun was visible. The seizure of the gun and the interrogation surrounding it can’t be justified under the … Continue reading

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OH5: Drone flyover found car hidden in def’s open fields

Defendant owned a vehicle police suspected was involved in an accident, and suspected it was hidden on his somewhat rural property. They used a drone to fly over the property seeing what was likely the car and then got a … Continue reading

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OH6: Officer coming to front door to knock who pauses to listen to voices inside doesn’t violate 4A

On a DV call, the officer approached the front door of defendant’s house to knock, but he paused to listen to voices inside. That listening before knocking was not an unreasonable search. State v. Kunkle, 2023-Ohio-661, 2023 Ohio App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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NJ: Entering def’s driveway to get better look at his house violated curtilage

Officer’s entry onto defendant’s driveway to get a better look at his house violated curtilage. State v. Ingram, 2023 N.J. Super. LEXIS 13 (Feb. 13, 2023). As for a suggestion of leniency for cooperation and consent, “TFO Vasquez’s statements fall … Continue reading

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ND: Trial court’s finding of investigatory purpose for inventory search supported by record

The district court found that the purported inventory search was really for investigatory purposes, and the evidence supports that conclusion. The inevitable discovery exception also does not apply here. State v. Krall, 2023 ND 8, 2023 N.D. LEXIS 9 (Jan. … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Backyard firepit was part of curtilage

A firepit in defendant’s yard (an “outdoor living area”) was part of the curtilage. The officer, however, was lawfully on the curtilage for a knock-and-talk. United States v. Thurman, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9358 (E.D. Tenn. Jan. 19, 2023).* Sometimes … Continue reading

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CA3: Scope of curtilage argument changed on appeal and thus waived

This case involved an argument about what is curtilage around a tent and firepit. Explosives were found outside this curtilage. On appeal, the scope of curtilage changed, and it’s waived. United States v. Madziarek, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 34076 (3d … Continue reading

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IN: dog sniff outside a hotel room door was reasonable under the state constitution

A dog sniff outside a hotel room door was reasonable under the state constitution. (And, while other information was illegally gathered, this was enough for the warrant.) Crabtree v. State, 2022 Ind. App. LEXIS 385 (Dec. 1, 2022). Excessive force … Continue reading

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WI: Warrantless entry into curtilage was not hot pursuit

The officers here were not in continuous hot pursuit when they entered defendant’s fenced-in backyard, his curtilage. They went there on a call, and they weren’t following. Entry suppressed. State v. Wilson, 2022 WI 77, 2022 Wisc. LEXIS 99 (Nov. … Continue reading

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E.D.N.C.: SW needed for drone surveillance over a home

A request for a court order for drone surveillance over a home requires a warrant under the Fourth Amendment. A request under the All Writs Act isn’t the way to do it. In re Application of the United States For … Continue reading

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D.Me.: DEA could subpoena records investigating robbery of a marijuana dispensary

The DEA’s administrative subpoenas over records of the suspect over the alleged robbery of a marijuana dispensary were lawful exercises of power. Carpenter does not apply to mere phone records. United States v. Candelario, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 199195 (D. … Continue reading

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CT: Entry onto def’s deck was for community caretaking function

The officer’s entry onto defendant’s deck here was of a community caretaking function to inform defendant that a loved one was going to the hospital. It was like a knock-and-talk. State v. Kuehn, 2022 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2075 (Sep. 13, … Continue reading

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MA: Ptf stated claim for unjustified community caretaking entry to investigate alleged elder abuse

Plaintiff was caring for a 95-year-old retired priest. She stated a claim for a Fourth Amendment violation for a warrantless entry into her house, in part, under the community caretaking function without justification. Gallagher v. S. Shore Hosp., Inc., 2022 … Continue reading

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GA: Officers with an arrest warrant can enter the backyard, too

Officers with an arrest warrant for defendant at his place were permitted to enter the backyard too, where evidence was seen and seized. Jones v. State, 2022 Ga. LEXIS 256 (Sep. 20, 2022). Not mentioning in the affidavit for search … Continue reading

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S.D.Iowa: Video surveillance of an apartment door from a camera planted in a common area was subject to GFE

Officers planted a video camera hidden in a fake fire alarm in defendant’s apartment building hallway aimed at his door to record his comings and goings. The government argues whether this was reasonable doesn’t need to be decided because, even … Continue reading

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E.D.Ark.: Probation officer conducting home visit can smell around the door for drug use

A probation officer at defendant’s house for a home visit could smell around the door, and, here, the smell of marijuana being used inside was evident. That was not unreasonable. United States v. Toney, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 120895 (E.D. … Continue reading

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CA4: Asking motorist whether he is armed relates to officer safety

Asking motorist whether he is armed relates to officer safety, and it is reasonable during a stop. United States v. Racer, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 18664 (4th Cir. July 7, 2022). Dog sniff outside an apartment door didn’t violate any … Continue reading

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