Category Archives: Good faith exception

CT: Def’s missing father was exigency for warrantless entry

The entry into defendant’s house was justified by the emergency exception because his father had been missing for days. State v. Samuolis, 2022 Conn. LEXIS 213 (Aug. 9, 2022). As to probable cause, “The district court found the affidavits constitutionally … Continue reading

Posted in § 1983 / Bivens, Emergency / exigency, Good faith exception | Comments Off on CT: Def’s missing father was exigency for warrantless entry

M.D.Ala.: Court decides geofence warrant on GFE without getting to 4A merits

Defendant was a suspect in a series of 35 carjackings where the car was shortly thereafter used in an armed robbery. A geofence warrant was used to track defendant at the scenes of the robberies. After discussing the case law … Continue reading

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D.S.D.: SW for shallow grave didn’t describe location well enough to easily find it, but GFE applies

The warrant’s direction to search for a shallow grave was not particularly described, and it was found a mile away from where the warrant directed. The attachment wasn’t incorporated. Still, however, the good faith exception applies. This was negligent at … Continue reading

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S.D.Iowa: Video surveillance of an apartment door from a camera planted in a common area was subject to GFE

Officers planted a video camera hidden in a fake fire alarm in defendant’s apartment building hallway aimed at his door to record his comings and goings. The government argues whether this was reasonable doesn’t need to be decided because, even … Continue reading

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CA9: While RS for owner evaporated because he wasn’t in car, independent RS developed for driver

The officer had reasonable suspicion that the owner of a vehicle parked at a gas station had a warrant. When he stopped the vehicle, the officer discovered that the owner of the vehicle was not there, but independent reasonable suspicion … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Pre-Carpenter CSLI required compliance with SCA and here state officers didn’t

The government pleads the CSLI order was pre-Carpenter and thus subject to the good faith exception. The court finds, however, that the Stored Communications Act was not complied with and the government does not get the benefit of the good … Continue reading

Posted in Automobile exception, Cell site location information, Good faith exception | Comments Off on D.Ariz.: Pre-Carpenter CSLI required compliance with SCA and here state officers didn’t

CA1: Voluntary act after unreasonable stop made evidence admissible

There was no reasonable suspicion for defendant’s seizure on the totality. But, “Sierra-Ayala’s intervening volitional act, in the absence of exploitative behavior by López-Maysonet, renders the discovery of the drugs sufficiently attenuated so as to dissipate the taint of the … Continue reading

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NJ: Refusal of a frisk without RS does not add to RS

There was no reasonable suspicion for defendant’s stop. People who live in a “high crime area” do not have lesser constitutional protection. The facts here just didn’t support a frisk, and he had a right to refuse one, and that … Continue reading

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PA: No REP in drug prescription database

There is no reasonable expectation of privacy nor HIPAA privacy in a drug prescription database. Commonwealth v. McFarland, 2022 PA Super 116, 2022 Pa. Super. LEXIS 288 (June 29, 2022). Defendant’s Fourth Amendment claim was litigated before trial and on … Continue reading

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WY: Pending drug case is not RS, but it is “a piece of the puzzle”

The collective knowledge of two officers justified this stop. One defendant’s pending drug case was not reasonable suspicion itself, but it was “a piece of the puzzle.” Guandong v. State, 2022 WY 83, 2022 Wyo. LEXIS 83 (June 28, 2022). … Continue reading

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CA3: Not plain error to fail to exclude potential prejudicial testimony about risk of violence in execution of SW

Testimony about how a search warrant was executed as it was could have prejudiced defendant by revealing the government thought he was violent before arrest. It was not, however, plain error on this record without an objection. United States v. … Continue reading

Posted in Admissibility of evidence, Good faith exception, Warrant execution | Comments Off on CA3: Not plain error to fail to exclude potential prejudicial testimony about risk of violence in execution of SW

D.Ariz.: PC so lacking, “this is a no-brainer”

“The Court finds that the search warrant affidavit comes nowhere near to establishing probable cause for the search of the cell phone. Simply put, this is a no-brainer. In fact, the government’s conclusory argument noted above demonstrates the futility of … Continue reading

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IA: Failure to articulate why state const. applies for different result is waiver

Failure to articulate one’s argument that the state constitution requires a different result is waiver. State v. Versteegh, 2022 Iowa App. LEXIS 434 (June 15, 2022). “Here, the issuing judge reasonably concluded, based on all of the circumstances, that there … Continue reading

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E.D.Tex.: Whether RV was immobile and used as a residence doesn’t matter where GFE applies

“In his third numbered objection, Lee argues that contrary to Officer Kennedy’s testimony, the RV was completely immobile at the time it was searched and that it was being used as a residence. But whether the RV was mobile or … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: 4A doesn’t even require SW be signed if PC was found by issuing magistrate; signing in wrong place doesn’t matter

The issuing magistrate’s failure to sign the warrant in the appropriate place is not a Fourth Amendment violation. The Fourth Amendment does not even require the search warrant be signed by the issuing magistrate as long as probable cause was … Continue reading

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CA9: Arrest on 7 year old PV warrant was 4A reasonable; state law violation not relevant to reasonableness inquiry

Plaintiff’s arrest on a parole retake warrant not executed for seven years was still reasonable on the totality. “Even if Cornel’s arrest violated state law, it was not necessarily a violation of her Fourth Amendment rights. The Supreme Court has … Continue reading

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NY Bronx: REP in one’s apartment building mailbox

Defendant had a reasonable expectation of privacy in his mailbox in an apartment building from unreasonable searches. A search warrant was sought through the Bronx DA, but they were short staffed and recommended the officers get landlord consent. That was … Continue reading

Posted in Arrest or entry on arrest, Burden of pleading, Good faith exception, Ineffective assistance, Mail and packages, Reasonable expectation of privacy | Comments Off on NY Bronx: REP in one’s apartment building mailbox

CA8: Shoplifting arrest supported search incident of backpack; inevitable anyway

The search of defendant’s backpack incident to a shoplifting arrest produced a firearm. Even if the search incident wasn’t proper, it was inevitable the backpack would be inventoried at the jail.United States v. Trogdon, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 15860 (8th … Continue reading

Posted in Good faith exception, Inevitable discovery, Plain view, feel, smell, Search incident | Comments Off on CA8: Shoplifting arrest supported search incident of backpack; inevitable anyway

CA8: Apparent authority to consent applies to effects

Apparent authority to consent applies to effects. The officer had reason to believe that the other female occupant of the car had apparent authority to consent to a search of what was listed in the report as a “man bag,” … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Def had standing in his brother’s garage where only they had keys and it was used for business purposes

The warrantless search of defendant’s brother’s garage where both had keys and defendant kept things from their construction business was unreasonable. Defendant had standing because it was used for business purposes, and he did not have to spend the night … Continue reading

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