Category Archives: Collective knowledge

D.Conn.: Targetted burner phone ringing during stop on RS was PC for def’s arrest

CIs gave information that they bought drugs from a guy with a burner phone, and the phone was ultimately linked to defendant. Based on collective knowledge, the police had sufficient information for reasonable suspicion to stop and detain defendant. Defendant … Continue reading

Posted in Arrest or entry on arrest, Collective knowledge, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on D.Conn.: Targetted burner phone ringing during stop on RS was PC for def’s arrest

CA4: Collective knowledge doctrine doesn’t require reporting back to the source

The CI’s information viewed under the totality provided reasonable suspicion for the stop of defendant. [Defendant’s approach was divide and conquer the facts.] The collective knowledge doctrine does not require the stopping and arresting officer keep the officer providing the … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Qualified immunity | Comments Off on CA4: Collective knowledge doctrine doesn’t require reporting back to the source

D.D.C.: Flight from a potential encounter in a high crime area is RS; detention after that was reasonable based on collective knowledge

Flight from a potential encounter in a high crime area is reasonable suspicion. Detention after that was reasonable based on collective knowledge. The court also addresses at length vertical and horizontal collective knowledge and follows the Fourth Circuit rule that … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on D.D.C.: Flight from a potential encounter in a high crime area is RS; detention after that was reasonable based on collective knowledge

VI: BOLO information shared at beginning of shift satisfies collective knowledge

BOLO information shared with officers at the beginning of their shift qualifies as collective knowledge. Emanuel v. People, 2018 V.I. Supreme LEXIS 10 (June 15, 2018) (relying on United States v. Braden, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 115755 (W.D. Tenn. July … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Standing | Comments Off on VI: BOLO information shared at beginning of shift satisfies collective knowledge

PA: Second officer arriving at scene knew enough for collective knowledge to apply; full (and unnecessary) discussion of vertical v. horizontal collective knowledge if you’re interested

Pennsylvania adheres to the vertical approach of collective knowledge. Here, another officer got involved and made the decision to arrest, but he knew what the first officer knew, and that was enough. This was still collective knowledge. (There is a … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge | Comments Off on PA: Second officer arriving at scene knew enough for collective knowledge to apply; full (and unnecessary) discussion of vertical v. horizontal collective knowledge if you’re interested

M.D.La.: Finding CP image hash values on a computer is PC for search

The finding of child pornography hash values on a computer is probable cause for further search of the computer. United States v. Sherlock, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1321 (M.D. La. Jan. 4, 2018).* Playpen warrant sustained, and there was no … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Computer searches, Probable cause | Comments Off on M.D.La.: Finding CP image hash values on a computer is PC for search

CA11: RS can be found by collective knowledge

Probable cause to search defendant’s vehicle existed based on officers’ collective knowledge, including a tip from an informant who had recently been found with cocaine, identified defendant as his primary supplier, and described how she hid cocaine under her car’s … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on CA11: RS can be found by collective knowledge

PA: Collective knowledge and RS doesn’t require the officer with knowledge actually communicate it to the others

Collective knowledge and reasonable suspicion doesn’t require the officer with knowledge actually communicate it to the others. “It is entirely permissible for an officer to engage in the investigation of a suspect based on the observations of another officer even … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge | Comments Off on PA: Collective knowledge and RS doesn’t require the officer with knowledge actually communicate it to the others

OH10: Stopping the first person officers see after hearing gunshots was without RS

Officers heard gunshots and stopped the first person they saw. That essentially was a stop on a hunch and without reasonable suspicion. State v. Hairston, 2017-Ohio-7612, 2017 Ohio App. LEXIS 3934 (10th Dist. Sept. 14, 2017). “Here, the team of … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on OH10: Stopping the first person officers see after hearing gunshots was without RS

C.D.Cal.: Under collective knowledge doctrine, the officer making the stop doesn’t need to know the PC

There was probable cause from collective knowledge for defendant’s stop and the search of his vehicle for a hidden compartment with drugs, even though the stopping officer didn’t know what it was. United States v. Isshpunani, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Ineffective assistance, Probable cause | Comments Off on C.D.Cal.: Under collective knowledge doctrine, the officer making the stop doesn’t need to know the PC

M.D.Ala.: A “Car-Mart” advertisement in place of the license plate was RS for a stop to inquire whether vehicle just purchased or not

“Thus, having viewed the ‘Car-Mart’ advertisement serving as Defendant’s license tag or plate, Cpl. Williams possessed reasonable suspicion to believe that Defendant was in violation of those laws” about getting a car licensed within 20 days of purchase, so the … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on M.D.Ala.: A “Car-Mart” advertisement in place of the license plate was RS for a stop to inquire whether vehicle just purchased or not

CA4: Even if consent invalid, PC for SW came from independent sources

“[T]he district court did not err in denying Hernandez’s motion to suppress the evidence obtained from the Samsung T199 phone because the search pursuant to the warrant was ‘genuinely independent’ of the initial search. Murray, 487 U.S. at 542.” United … Continue reading

Posted in Collective knowledge, Independent source | Comments Off on CA4: Even if consent invalid, PC for SW came from independent sources