- CA10: Successful suppression of evidence is not a “favorable outcome” for malicious prosecution purposes against the prosecutor; QI granted
- D.Kan.: 37 day old knowledge of def’s suspended DL wasn’t stale for RS for a stop
- D.Mont.: Possession of a camera phone was violation of release conditions and justified PO search
- W.D.N.Y.: SW materials not yet releasable because investigation is ongoing; defense can get it later
- NYTimes: Do Body Cameras Help Policing? 1,200 New York Officers Aim to Find Out
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Fourth Amendment cases,
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I still learn something new every day.”
—Pete Townshend, The Who 50th Anniversary Tour, "The Who Live at Hyde Park" (Showtime 2015)
"I can't talk about my singing. I'm inside it. How can you describe something you're inside of?"
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
Category Archives: Administrative search
The OSHA administrative inspection warrant was improvidently granted. It was based on a complaint arising from an employee injury, and probable cause in the administrative sense is different than criminal probable cause. Here, it wasn’t reasonable to expand the administrative … Continue reading
In a rental unit inspection ordinance case, the court declines to grant a preliminary injunction. The tenants have rights, of course, but state law permits the landlord to conduct inspections on his or her own and, most importantly, there is … Continue reading
NY1: Pawnbrokers have been heavily regulated for a century; rules for information storage are reasonable
Pawnbrokers have been a heavily regulated industry for over a century. NYC’s requirement of provision of certain information in digital format is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment (compare California Bankers Assn. v. Schultz) and the limited administrative searches are reasonable. … Continue reading
JD Supra: Is There an Opening to Withdraw or Modify Electronic Logging Device Rule [for motor carriers]?
JD Supra: Is There an Opening to Withdraw or Modify Electronic Logging Device Rule? by Lawrence Hamilton II & Jameson Rice. The Electronic Logging Device for over the road truckers goes into effect February 17th with full compliance by December … Continue reading
IL: Exclusionary rule does not apply to liquor license disciplinary proceeding arising from admin search
Petitioner had a liquor license in Chicago, and an inspection occurred under authority of state law and city ordinance. The permitted premises was the first floor, but he owned accessible property in the floors above. Upstairs, the officers found a … Continue reading
MA: Admin search doctrine or special needs didn’t permit a discretionary suspicionless search of a car on a prison parking lot
The trial court judge properly allowed defendant’s pretrial motion to suppress evidence seized during a warrantless search of his motor vehicle while it was parked in a parking lot outside a correctional facility, where, at the time a police officer … Continue reading
OH5: Fire inspector’s violation of city agreement to give notice before inspections warranted his firing
Jeffries complained that he was subjected to arbitrary and invasive fire inspections, and the city agreed to give him prior notice. Lanzer, however, violated that agreement and was fired by the city. “However, as stated above, the City of Louisville … Continue reading
USDA inspectors breaking into plaintiff’s wildlife preserve to check on animals that the previous day the preserve said would go to the veterinarian the next day stated a Fourth Amendment claim under Bivens. At the time of the entry, the … Continue reading
City Pulse: Regulating pot: City wants mandatory home inspections for high energy users by Todd Heywood: