- TX13: Unsatisified state requirement issuing magistrate’s name be clearly stated warranted suppression
- NM: Reserve deputy’s stop of suspected DUI to call for a deputy was a reasonable minor intrusion
- W.D.Ky.: A customer leaving def’s house with a lot of drugs was nexus to def’s house
- NY3: Def counsel was ineffective for not objecting to SW affidavit coming into evidence full of inadmissible informant hearsay
- CA4: More than one person can have authority to issue command authorized search under Mil.R.Evid. 315(d)
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Franks doctrine
CA7: Franks is settled law, and false statements to procure arrest warrant denied qualified immunity
Plaintiff stated a Franks claim that his arrest warrant was based on false evidence and omitted exculpatory evidence. The officer is denied qualified immunity. Rainsberger v. Benner, 17 2521 (7th Cir. Jan. 15, 2019):
CA6: One doesn’t get a Franks hearing without a proper showing; it’s not the way to test the argument
Defendant’s Franks argument in the district court didn’t argue that probable cause would be lacking. The search warrant affidavit as a whole shows probable cause. “On appeal, Fuller does not contend that he made the requisite ‘substantial preliminary showing,’” and … Continue reading
D.Nev.: CI’s alleged (and unsupported) false statement isn’t a Franks violation; has to be the affiant’s
Defendant claims a Franks violation because the CI is believed to be Rudnick, and Rudnick has credibility problems. Defendant doesn’t allege what is false to even get a hearing. Besides, Rudnick is the CI and not the affiant. Denied. United … Continue reading
ID: Def counsel’s refusal to say officers attempted to mislead the issuing magistrate was fatal to Franks claim
Defendant entered the Pocatello federal courthouse with a backpack. The x-ray scanner revealed a meth pipe, and the local police were called. After police searched the backpack and found meth, they went to defendant’s pickup truck, placed the backpack in … Continue reading
Pushing buttons on a cell phone while driving was probable cause for a stop. State v. Pham, 295 Ore. App. 322, 2018 Ore. App. LEXIS 1572 (Dec. 14, 2018).* Defendant questions a representation of the officer in the probable cause … Continue reading
Where there is a First and Fourth Amendment and common law right to discovery of search warrant materials, Supplemental Rule G also provides for it for forfeiture. Here, however, the government shows in camera that disclosure now would jeopardize an … Continue reading
CA6: Def’s IAC argument that suppression argument could have been better made fails because it wouldn’t prevail in any event
“Maurice Carter pled guilty to a variety of sex crimes and received a twenty-year prison sentence. He now petitions for habeas relief. Carter alleges his attorneys were constitutionally ineffective for failing to make the best arguments for suppression of key … Continue reading
Defendant’s statement at the side of the road was taken in violation of Miranda and should have been suppressed. This does not affect, however, the Fourth Amendment analysis of whether there was probable cause because there was without the statement. … Continue reading
Defendant succeeds in his Franks offer of proof. The omitted information undermines probable cause, and a hearing will be held. United States v. Reed, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 206986 (D. Minn. Dec. 7, 2018):
“Moreover, Harris’ contention that his public Facebook photos were ‘illegally seized’ has no merit.” There is no reasonable expectation of privacy in a shared social media post. Harris v. State, 2018 Del. LEXIS 540 (Dec. 3, 2018). Defendant argued that … Continue reading
The statement the officer used in the affidavit came from another officer. At worst it was negligent and not an intentional misrepresentation. No matter what, however, it doesn’t undermine the probable cause, so the motion was properly denied. State v. … Continue reading
“The defendant’s boilerplate claim that the ‘information used to obtain the search warrant from the Circuit Court judge was flawed with false allegation….’, … does not meet the Franks test for a hearing.” “While defendant did not explicitly argue that … Continue reading