Category Archives: Search

N.D.Miss.: In wrongful death action, officer’s subjective intent offered by 404(b) evidence is inadmissible; reasonableness is objective

Because the reasonableness standard is based on objective evidence confronting the officer, the use of 404(b) evidence here would be too extraneous to show subjective intent. “Because reasonableness under the Fourth Amendment is disconnected from an officer’s subjective intent, the … Continue reading

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NY1: Failure to get a ruling on search issue in trial court is waiver

Failure to get a ruling on a search claim in the trial court is waiver of the issue for appeal. People v. Collins, 2020 NY Slip Op 04517, 2020 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 4610 (1st Dept. Aug. 13, 2020). Drug … Continue reading

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MT: Field test of seized drugs is a reasonable search

A field test of drugs seized off defendant’s person finding them presumptively methamphetamine is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment and the state constitution. There is no enlarged reasonable expectation of privacy as to them when seized. State v. Funkhouser, 2020 … Continue reading

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W.D.Wash.: Powering on a cell phone to look at the lock screen was a search intruding on defendant’s reasonable expectation of privacy

Powering on a cell phone to look at the lock screen was a search intruding on defendant’s reasonable expectation of privacy. United States v. Sam, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 87143 (W.D. Wash. May 18, 2020):

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E.D.Tex.: Searching a car more than once isn’t a 4A violation

“The fact that Detective Nance searched portions of the vehicle more than once did not violate the Fourth Amendment.” Mendoza v. United States, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68469 (E.D. Tex. Apr. 20, 2020). The exclusionary rule does not apply in … Continue reading

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CA9: County of Riverside v. McLaughlin’s 48 hour rule does not apply to parole holds

County of Riverside v. McLaughlin’s 48 hour rule does not apply to parole holds. Benson v. Chappell, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 14035 (9th Cir. May 1, 2020). There was reasonable suspicion for defendant’s stop, but the officer’s opening the car … Continue reading

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CA5: A dead man is not one of the “people” of the 4A

The estate of a dead man has no Fourth Amendment claim for a search warrant allegedly unreasonably obtained after the death for aggravated assault by the deceased allegedly “‘as a pretext for investigation into [Mr.] Blanchard’s history’ and to ‘besmirch … Continue reading

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VA: Running the serial number of a seized firearm isn’t a “search”

When defendant got out of the car, the officer could see the butt of a gun sticking from his coat pocket, so a frisk was reasonable for officer safety. Looking at the serial number and then running it to see … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: Use of a key fob to identify defendant’s vehicle is not a search; it’s commonly available technology under Kyllo

Use of a key fob to identify defendant’ vehicle is not a search invading a reasonable expectation of privacy. United States v. Burgess, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 206776 (E.D. Pa. Nov. 29, 2019):

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CO: DHS caseworkers subject to 4A in their warrantless entry

State DHS case workers are subject to the Fourth Amendment, and their warrantless entry into defendant’s home was unreasonable. People v. Dyer, 2019 COA 161, 2019 Colo. App. LEXIS 1588 (Oct. 24, 2019). Probable cause for search of a car … Continue reading

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CA3: A threat to violate the 4A is not a 4A violation; it is contingent for Art. III

“The Probation Department employees’ alleged threat to send Repotski back to jail does not state a constitutional violation cognizable under § 1983. See McFadden v. Lucas, 713 F.2d 143, 146 (5th Cir. 1983) (noting that mere threats do not amount … Continue reading

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OH2: Looking through a parked car’s windows with a flashlight is not a “search”

Officers looked through defendant’s vehicle windows when it was parked with a flashlight during a nighttime stop, and that wasn’t an unreasonable search. In the vehicle was meth in plain view. State v. Brown, 2019-Ohio-3684, 2019 Ohio App. LEXIS 3766 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Almost immediate dog sniff during stop didn’t prolong it

The officer had an objective basis for the stop, so defendant’s pretext claim fails. The dog sniff occurred almost immediately during the stop and the stop wasn’t prolonged for it. United States v. Martinez, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 155124 (N.D. … Continue reading

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CA11: Telling ptf to move his car wasn’t a 4A seizure

Ordering plaintiff off a parking lot because of suspected trespassing wasn’t a Fourth Amendment seizure. Watkins v. Joy, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 22910 (11th Cir. Aug. 1, 2019). X-ray for contraband on an inmate is not a Fourth Amendment claim. … Continue reading

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Reason: The Feds Want To Subject Every Burning Man Attendee to a Warrantless Drug Search

Reason: The Feds Want To Subject Every Burning Man Attendee to a Warrantless Drug Search by Brian Doherty: The Bureau of Land Management sees no Fourth Amendment concerns with searching American citizens for reasons to arrest them without probable cause … Continue reading

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D.N.J.: Suggestion def look in console for insurance papers revealing a gun in plain view wasn’t a search

During defendant’s stop, he couldn’t find his insurance papers. Defendant rummaged through papers here and there. The officer suggested defendant look in the center console again, and this time the officer saw a gun. The suggestion he look in the … Continue reading

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