Category Archives: Search

MN: Roadside FST and PBT are not searches

Roadside field sobriety testing and then a PBT with probable cause is not a search under the Fourth Amendment. Vondrachek v. Comm’r of Pub. Safety, 2017 Minn. App. LEXIS 318 (Dec. 18, 2017). The officer’s observations of defendant was independent … Continue reading

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Law Review: Government Analysis of Shed DNA Is a Search under the Fourth Amendment

Government Analysis of Shed DNA Is a Search under the Fourth Amendment by Tracey Maclin, Boston Univeristy School of Law, 48 Texas Tech Law Review 287 (2015) ( Abstract:

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ID: Court-approved receiver acting on behalf of a creditor is not a state actor for 4A purposes

A court-approved receiver acting on behalf of a creditor is not a state actor for Fourth Amendment purposes. Wechsler v. Wechsler, 2017 Ida. LEXIS 332 (Dec. 6, 2017):

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D.N.M.: Def’s claim the officer conducted a pre-search of all bags on a Greyhound bus was based on speculation

The court does not buy defendant’s argument that the officer here waited until all luggage was removed from a Greyhound bus to conduct a feel-up tactile search of the bags in such a way to avoid Greyhound’s surveillance cameras. That’s … Continue reading

Posted in Burden of proof, Probable cause, Search | Comments Off

CA1: Using def’s keys to find his apt door was a “search” but it was still in GF even though that fact was in warrant application for apt

Defendant was arrested for drug dealing outside his apartment building. A search incident produced a set of keys. The police tried the keys on the apartment door until they worked. They didn’t enter but used the facts they’d developed plus … Continue reading

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OR: Testing for semen in 9 yo girl’s underwear obtained by private search required a SW (under state constitution)

Defendant’s housekeeper’s finding likely semen in his 9 year old daughter’s underwear and turning it over to the authorities was a private search. “[T]esting of the underwear for semen was a ‘search’ under the Fourth Amendment because it significantly expanded … Continue reading

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E.D.Ky.: Def’s keys under him when arrested were properly seized incident to arrest; testing key in a lock wasn’t a search

Defendant’s keys were on the ground under him when he was arrested face down and handcuffed behind his back. They were seen when he was lifted up to stand. They were seized incident to his arrest, and inserting the key … Continue reading

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E.D.Tex.: “The open fields doctrine allows searches based upon only visual observation.” Using a board to stir a tank was a search

A US Fish and Wildlife officer “interviewed Josh Monceaux who revealed that Williams fishes for and catches alligator snapping turtles in Texas and then sells them from his home in Elton, Louisiana. Monceaux also reported that Williams [G]oogle [E]arth* image … Continue reading

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CO: In this recreational MJ use state, a dog sniff is a “search,” and a positive alert isn’t PC a crime is occurring

Use of a drug dog on a car is a “search” in marijuana recreational use Colorado, and a dog alert which could be of either legal or illegal substances is not probable cause. People v. McKnight, 2017 COA 93, 2017 … Continue reading

Posted in Dog sniff, Probable cause, Search, State constitution | Comments Off

WI: Tax assessor’s effort to see interior of home for assessment implicates the 4A

The tax assessor’s demand to see the interior of plaintiffs’ house is a search governed by the Fourth Amendment. Because it is the home, it is not “minimal,” and there is no administrative search exception that permits it. The city … Continue reading

Posted in Franks doctrine, Reasonable expectation of privacy, Search | Comments Off

GA: A field sobriety test is not a “search”

A field sobriety test is not a “search,” recognizing authorities to the contrary. Mitchell v. State, 2017 Ga. LEXIS 545 (June 26, 2017):

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CA6: Realtime cell phone GPS tracking of a fugitive for 7+ hours was not a “search”

Realtime cell phone GPS tracking of a fugitive for 7+ hours was not a “search” under the Fourth Amendment, following United States v. Skinner, 690 F.3d 772, 781 (6th Cir. 2012). United States v. Riley, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 9900 … Continue reading

Posted in Cell site location information, Reasonable expectation of privacy, Search | Comments Off