Category Archives: Burden of pleading

PA: Alluding to a SCOTUS case without fleshing out how it applies held waiver when argument complicated

The defense didn’t properly frame its argument under Birchfield about forced implied consent and thus didn’t preserve error. “We cannot conclude that the trial court erred in denying Appellant’s suppression motion that vaguely cited to Birchfield.” Commonwealth v. Smith, 2017 … Continue reading

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CA10: Scope of consent to search has to be raised in the trial court

The issue of scope of a consent search has to be presented to the trial court to be preserved. This wasn’t. United States v. Vargas, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 26869 (10th Cir. Dec. 28, 2017). There is no right to … Continue reading

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M.D.Ala.: Conclusorily pleading a Franks violation isn’t a sufficient offer of proof

Defendant fails in his Franks argument for a failure of an offer of proof. Merely conclusorily stating the issue isn’t enough. There has to be context and how it was knowingly false. United States v. Martin, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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CA10: Smell of MJ authorizes search for MJ, not looking at multiple credit cards

An anonymous caller said defendant was smoking marijuana on his car. This was reasonable suspicion at best. Assuming the smell of marijuana provides probable cause to search, the search was for marijuana, and inspecting credit cards unreasonably expanded the search. … Continue reading

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ID: Failure to repeat “computer” in SW for things to be seized wasn’t a violation of 4A; CA7 typo in LPN can be overlooked

The preamble of the search warrant listed a bunch of digital things to search for and seize but the specific search clause didn’t include “computer.” The search warrant as a whole included computers, and defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not … Continue reading

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NY4: Man with a gun report led police within one minute to couple on street, and def abandoned gun

Police received a call of a man with a shotgun walking with a woman. Officers got there within a minute and saw a couple matching the description. No lights or siren were on. Defendant walked into a grassy area and … Continue reading

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NY3: Failure to raise scope of consent to search in trial court is waiver

The car defendant back seat passenger was in was stopped for a traffic violation, and there was a furtive movement by the front seat passenger just before the vehicle came to a stop. The driver said they were going to … Continue reading

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IL: After losing suppression motion, state asserted lack of standing in a motion to reconsider, and it’s too late

The state has the burden of alleging defendant didn’t have standing, and here it didn’t do so until a motion to reconsider claiming it was the trial court’s error of law. To succeed on a motion to reconsider, the state … Continue reading

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IL: A motion to suppress and a motion for directed finding of NG are fundamentally two different things

Defendant sought a motion to suppress which was actually a motion for directed finding of not guilty. They are different things. People v. Lomeli, 2017 IL App (3d) 150815, 2017 Ill. App. LEXIS 782 (Dec. 15, 2017). This immigration checkpoint … Continue reading

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DE: SW materials reviewed on PCR to find no motion to suppress would be granted

Defendant was charged with rape of his daughter occurring daily for years. Defense counsel saw no reason to file a motion to suppress the search warrants for the house for the vibrator the victim described was used on her. Reviewing … Continue reading

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CA9: Failure to argue curtilage was violated in district court barred argument on appeal

Viewing photographs of the scene, the district court could conclude that the officers could see defendant with methamphetamine in his garage. “Tran did not argue below that the officers unlawfully entered the curtilage of Chong’s home and therefore waived this … Continue reading

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DE: IAC 4A claim requires alleging then showing that the motion to suppress not pursued would have been granted

Defendant wanted to plead guilty in his drug case at the first appearance, and defense counsel persuaded him to wait until discovery was complete. Defendant then wanted to plead, but later he claimed that defense counsel failed to consider all … Continue reading

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