- W.D.Va.: Def counsel’s decision not to pursue a motion to suppress was reasonable and designed to prevent superseding indictment with higher MM
- N.D.Ind.: Mixed motive for traffic stop isn’t 4A violation as long as there is objective basis for RS
- W.D.Wash.: Govt showed cause to deny return of property until 2255 was over in case of retrial
- NJ: Officer had RS def was armed; refusal of patdown justified exigent strip search at station house
- S.D.Tex.: Immigration stop 56 miles from border was without RS
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Privileges
S.D.Fla.: The FTC sought an order of production of cell phones and laptops for search in an action for injunction; production not testimonial and PC shown
The FTC sued defendants for injunctive relief and sought an order for production of cell phones and laptop computers. On the first issue of preservation of the Fourth Amendment claim in addition to the clearly asserted Fifth Amendment, the court … Continue reading
In State v. Skinner, 10 So.3d 1212 (La. 2009), the state supreme court held that there was a state constitutional warrant requirement for defendant’s medical records. Failing to do it right can’t be cured by a later warrant after it’s … Continue reading
Orin S. Kerr, Compelled Decryption and the Privilege Against Self-Incrimination, forthcoming in the Texas Law Review, available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3248286 Abstract:
D.Ariz.: When a criminal defense lawyer’s office was the target of a SW, a special master was appropriate
Defendant is a criminal defense lawyer, and his office was subjected to a search and some client files were seized. When a criminal defense lawyer is the target of the search, there are clear Sixth Amendment concerns. While courts often … Continue reading
IN: Order compelling owner of iPhone to unlock it violates 5A self-incrimination; the state is seeking to extract information from her mind
Defendant claimed she’d been sexually assaulted by her boyfriend. In investigating that, it turned into a stalking and harassment investigation of her. The state got a search warrant for her phone. When she wouldn’t unlock it, they sought a court … Continue reading
LA Times: ‘Technical error’ blamed for recordings of more than 1,000 attorney-inmate phone calls in O.C. jail
LA Times: ‘Technical error’ blamed for recordings of more than 1,000 attorney-inmate phone calls in O.C. jail by Hannah Fry:
Taxpayer’s property tax assessment appeal is dismissed for refusing an inspection of the property claiming a Fourth Amendment violation. He claimed the records of the assessor are incorrect, and the assessor wants to see whether that’s true. He was told … Continue reading
LA Times: Editorial: Bugging conversations between criminal defendants and their lawyers is bad news
LA Times: Editorial: Bugging conversations between criminal defendants and their lawyers is bad news: The Fourth Amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures, and under various court rulings that means government agents must first get warrants before listening in on … Continue reading
ID: Cell seizure of def’s notes for conversation with defense lawyer presumptively prejudicial; remanded to see if state can overcome prejudice and whether DA disqualified
Defendant was convicted of attempted murder. “While he was incarcerated prior to trial, Robins’s cell was searched and handwritten notes he had prepared in anticipation of a meeting with counsel were seized and delivered to the prosecuting attorney. The district … Continue reading
LA Times: Authorities recorded privileged attorney-client conversations, district attorney’s office says
LA Times: Authorities recorded privileged attorney-client conversations, district attorney’s office says by Nina Agrawal:
The Hill: Special master in Cohen case rejects more than a third of legal team’s privileged items by Aris Folley: According to court documents filed Thursday, Special master Barbara Jones found that 1,452 out of the 4,085 items designated privileged … Continue reading
MotherJones: A Private Prison Company Gave 1,300 Recordings of Confidential Inmate Phone Calls to Prosecutors
MotherJones: A Private Prison Company Gave 1,300 Recordings of Confidential Inmate Phone Calls to Prosecutors by Tonya Riley: Kansas’ US Attorney’s Office has admitted listening to opposing lawyers’ conversations. Securus, the company responsible for recording the calls, has already faced … Continue reading