Category Archives: Immigration checkpoints

D.Minn.: The gov’t cites a three-way circuit split on standing in a rental car; the circuit authority controls

Defendant was driving a rental car with permission of the renter, and that gives him standing in this circuit. There is a three way circuit split, and this court can’t resolve that. United States v. Bettis, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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S.D.Tex.: Border Patrol had RS two vehicles were traveling in tandem during midnight border crossing

The Border Patrol officer had reasonable suspicion to stop defendant’s vehicle for transporting persons across the border in the trunk. Defendant got past the checkpoint, but another officer’s suspicions of a following car were heightened. After two were found in … Continue reading

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MI: Unreasonable mistake of law voids search

Defendant’s arrest was without probable cause for violating a no trespassing ordinance. It was a public place, open for business, defendant briefly entered and did nothing wrong. The search incident to the arrest thus fails too. Mistake of law as … Continue reading

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S.D.Tex.: Immigration stop was extended with RS

Extending an immigration stop: “The Court finds that Agent Gonzalez’s questions related to Garcia’s citizenship, documents proving citizenship, and his travel plans and thus were within the scope of an immigration stop. Further, the Court finds that the questioning was … Continue reading

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To what degree is RS near the border delegated to the Border Patrol?

On the totality of circumstances, there was reasonable suspicion. “Keeping in mind that border patrol agents, not courts, are trained to detect smugglers, and ‘[t]he facts are to be interpreted in light of a trained officer’s experience,’ United States v. … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Immigration checkpoint stop can be enlarged because of smell of marijuana

During an immigration checkpoint on a state highway in Arizona, the smell of marijuana coming from the car allowed the stop to go longer under Rodriguez. “Ruiz-Hernandez has not pointed to any authority, in any context, where law enforcement is … Continue reading

Posted in Immigration checkpoints, § 1983 / Bivens | Comments Off

S.D.Tex.: RS developed during immigration checkpoint stop of U.S. citizens

Defendants were U.S. citizens and had already crossed the border. The car had Louisiana plates. They were stopped at the Falfurrias Border Patrol checkpoint and citizenship was quickly resolved, but reasonable suspicion developed for the car to be referred to … Continue reading

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TN: Off-duty police officer was citizen informant on DUI call

An off-duty police officer saw defendant appeared drunk in her car in a Sonic parking lot and called it in. He was a citizen informant. State v. Irwin, 2016 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 841 (Nov. 8, 2016). The search of … Continue reading

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S.D.Cal.: Admission of MJ in the trunk was PC; officer didn’t have to check on MMJ prescription

An admission defendant had marijuana in the trunk didn’t require the officer to check into whether defendant had a prescription for it. United States v. Robbins, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 153558 (S.D.Cal. Nov. 3, 2016). Defense counsel did, in fact, … Continue reading

Posted in Immigration checkpoints, Ineffective assistance, Probable cause | Comments Off

CA9: Defense entitled to discovery on whether San Clemente immigration checkpoint also now a general crime control checkpoint

Defendant sought discovery to show that the San Clemente immigration checkpoint on I-5, sustained 40 years ago in Martinez-Fuerte, had also become a general crime control checkpoint, and the district court denied it. The Court of Appeals held that Rule … Continue reading

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