- NE requires suppression issue be renewed when evidence admitted at trial
- SD: Local officers called tribal officers and respected tribal authority before arresting def
- OH1: Order to get out of car doesn’t unreasonably extend a traffic stop
- D.Minn.: IAC Franks proffer rejected as lacking sworn affidavits or any credibility at all
- E.D.N.Y.: Def gets access to SW materials, but govt can redact informant’s info
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Daily Archives: August 13, 2019
Defendants were properly denied qualified immunity in using excessive force to arrest plaintiff. Plaintiff’s version of the facts showed clearly established rights were violated. Heck v. Humphrey didn’t apply because plaintiff wasn’t seeking to attack his conviction. Cendan v. Trujillo, … Continue reading
CA7: Ptf’s $1 verdict for illegal search after successful suppression affirmed; what is proximate cause?
Plaintiff’s 1983 claim for illegal search which resulted in suppression in state court resulted in a $1 verdict. A fascinating opinion on proximate cause of damages and a Fourth and Fifth Amendment violation which is worth the read for future … Continue reading
Wired: This Tesla Mod Turns a Model S Into a Mobile ‘Surveillance Station’ by Andy Greenberg: Automatic license plate reader cameras are controversial enough when law enforcement deploys them, given that they can create a panopticon of transit throughout a … Continue reading
Flight alone isn’t reasonable suspicion on the totality. More is required, and here there wasn’t any. Flight alone is not reasonable suspicion because innocent people may flee for fear of being caught up in something they didn’t do. People v. … Continue reading
E.D.Mo.: 30 minute delay before warrantless entry with a key in learning all they could didn’t nullify exigency
The officers’ delay of 30 minutes or less before entering on exigent circumstances was not unreasonable. They were actively investigating, gathering information, and didn’t want to act precipitously. “The officers concluded as much investigation as they could on an immediate … Continue reading
D.Mass.: Transit worker in safety sensitive position could be drug tested for an “incident” short of an “accident”
The Boston MTA did not violate the Fourth Amendment by requiring a drug test of an employee involved in an “incident” short of an “accident.” The employee was in a safety sensitive position. Cabral v. Mass. Bay Transp. Auth., Boston … Continue reading
Merely showing that a foregone motion to suppress was “arguable” isn’t IAC. Petitioner has to show it would have prevailed. Accordingly, he cannot show that counsel’s decision not to file a motion to suppress was objectively unreasonable.” Silva v. United … Continue reading
MD: In a MJ decrim state, smell of MJ on the person may be PC to search a vehicle but not search a person or arrest
“In the post-decriminalization era, the mere odor of marijuana coupled with possession of what is clearly less than ten grams of marijuana, absent other circumstances, does not grant officers probable cause to effectuate an arrest and conduct a search incident … Continue reading
Cal.: Case law permitting “community caretaking function” entry into a home without true exigency is overruled
People v. Ray, 21 Cal.4th 464, 88 Cal. Rptr. 2d 1, 981 P.2d 928 (1999) that created a limited “community caretaking function” entry into a home without true exigency is overruled. By case law, that exception is limited to vehicles, … Continue reading
CA5: Courts don’t scutinize the words CBP officers use at immigration checkpoints for Rodriguez purposes
At an immigration checkpoint stop, courts will not scrutinize the specific words the officers use to question people about their status, as in “can I see your face” to match it to a picture? Rodriguez doesn’t quite control, and that … Continue reading