HI: Miranda warnings required whenever PC develops for arrest

“Miranda warnings are required by article I, section 10 of the Constitution of the State of Hawai’i when probable cause to arrest has developed. And in Hewitt’s case, contrary to the ICA’s conclusion, probable cause had developed before she was asked whether she had been driving.” State v. Hewitt, 2023 Haw. LEXIS 68 (Mar. 15, 2023),* overruling abrogation of State v. Ketchum, 97 Hawai’i 107, 34 P.3d 1006 (2001).*

Defendant freely consented to search of his cell phone. United States v. Silvers, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 43477 (W.D. Ky. Mar. 15, 2023).*

Plaintiff’s Fourth Amendment claim wasn’t briefed on appeal so it’s waived. Relentless, Inc. v. United States DOC, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 6320 n.9 (1st Cir. Mar. 16, 2023).*

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