Defendant was stopped because of a temporary tag, and the officer had seen bogus temporary tags before. As he approached the car on foot after the stop, it was apparent that the tag was valid. There was no basis for the stop because the officer had no reason to believe this particular temporary tag was bogus. United States v. Neal, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 60151 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 7, 2019).
“A consideration of the totality of the circumstances in this matter leads to the conclusion that Officers Joyner and Lacy had reasonable suspicion to prolong the traffic stop and conduct an investigative search for dangerous weapons.” United States v. Valentine, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 61729 (E.D. Mo. Mar. 29, 2019) (R&R).*