The proctor of this university examination on video required a room scan to prove the student was alone. The room scan violated plaintiff’s reasonable expectation of privacy. CSU’s reliance on Wyman v. James is rejected. That case is 51 years old and technology has outpaced it. Ogletree v. Cleveland State Univ., 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 150513 (N.D. Ohio Aug. 22, 2022).
ATF describes fuel filters and solvent traps for firearms as silencers in a confidential bulletin. Still, that’s enough for a finding of probable cause here. United States v. Hay, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 23484 (8th Cir. Aug. 23, 2022).
Obstructing the URL on the bottom of a Pennsylvania license plate reasonably justifies a traffic stop. Commonwealth v. Ruffin, 2022 PA Super 146, 2022 Pa. Super. LEXIS 363 (Aug. 23, 2022).* (Spotlight PA: Your license plate frame is enough for police in Pa. to pull you over, court rules (“Critics argue the decision, by a three-judge Superior Court panel, raises concerns about racial bias and other potential abuses of power by law enforcement, and could give police another pretext to pull over a driver for a seemingly trivial reason, among other wide-reaching and unintended consequences.”)