The provider of the IP address could not tell police for certain that defendant had the particular IP address at the particular time sought, but they could opine it was highly likely. That’s certainly enough for probable cause. Defendant’s certified question for appeal conflated probable cause and particularity, and that defeated his appeal. State v. McBride, 2021 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 405 (Aug. 31, 2021).
Amazon allegedly discovered a kickback scheme involving its land acquisitions in Northern Virginia, and federal search warrants were issued. Amazon obtained injunctive relief and a requirement of the district court of a $21 million bond. Preliminary injunction affirmed. “Because Amazon has pleaded viable equitable claims, Northstar has failed to identify any abuse of discretion in the district court’s conclusion that Amazon is likely to prevail on the merits.” Damages need not be the exclusive remedy, particularly when the defendant could become insolvent during the litigation. Amazon, Inc. v. WDC Holdings LLC, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 26226 (4th Cir. Aug. 31, 2021).*