The Colombian government requested a U.S. telephone number, and then they wiretapped it under their law. Later, they provided some information off the wiretap to the U.S. This was not sufficiently a joint venture to invoke the Fourth Amendment. United States v. Agosto-Pacheco, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 161088 (D.P.R. Aug. 19, 2019), adopted, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 161090 (D.P.R. Sept. 20, 2019).
Defendant challenges the stop based on the description of his car being wrong. “[W]ith respect to the description of the suspect’s vehicle, the body camera footage and testimony of Officers Martell and Slater clearly establish that the suspect’s vehicle was consistently described as a silver two-door Dodge Challenger.” His description was also consistent. The court concludes that, on the totality, officers had probable cause to stop defendant. United States v. Williams, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 160428 (D. Minn. Sept. 20, 2019).*