IA: Hour long detention waiting for drug dog lacked RS

Defendant was stopped for a window tint violation, which he didn’t contest. His LPN check of out-of-state plates took six minutes. It took nearly an hour for the drug dog to arrive. There was no reasonable suspicion for that long a detention. Reversed. State v. Lopez-Cardenas, 2017 Iowa App. LEXIS 776 (Aug. 2, 2017).

Officers heard “the ‘sustained squealing of tires’ for a ‘lengthy duration’ from the intersection. At the same time, they observed the defendant’s vehicle going through the intersection. It was late night. There were no other vehicles in the area.” This was reasonable suspicion for a stop. State v. Clark, 2017 Iowa App. LEXIS 789 (Aug. 2, 2017).

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