CA3: SWs based on inference alone risk failing on nexus; here, however, GFE applies

The affidavit could have been stronger because more information was available and not provided the USMJ. All things considered, it wasn’t so devoid of probable cause that the good faith exception applies. The court cautioned: “As Magistrate Judges may draw reasonable inferences, and our review is deferential, a lack of caselaw approving specific types of inferences is not enough to render a warrant constitutionally defective. We do caution, however, that an affidavit which relies only on inferences to connect an alleged offense to the place to be searched may be on unstable ground. In situations where it is not reasonable to infer that suspects would keep contraband or other evidence in their residences, it may follow that additional information is necessary to show a sufficient nexus.” United States v. Golden, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 5727 (3d Cir. Mar. 10, 2023).

The correct street address for the place to be searched is enough for particularity. United States v. Willard, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 39707 (D. Minn. Jan. 11, 2023).

Defendant’s Franks challenge fails both prongs: No showing of intentional or reckless misstatement or materiality. United States v. Padgett, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40019 (D.N.J. Mar. 9, 2023).*

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