WV: Emergency order of protection was not functional equivalent of SW for entry into home

Officers with an emergency order of protection used it to enter defendant’s house and seize firearms. The protections of the Fourth Amendment and the state constitution are greater. The order was not, then, the functional equivalent of a warrant, and the seizure of the marijuana in his criminal case should have been suppressed. State v. Snyder, 2021 W. Va. LEXIS 154 (Apr. 8, 2021).

Defendant’s swerving to avoid a temporary patch in the road was still reasonable suspicion for a stop under the court’s reading of the state traffic code. Alternatively, there was probable cause for the stop and search under the automobile exception. United States v. Garcia, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 10264 (4th Cir. Apr. 9, 2021).*

Officers had probable cause by collective knowledge for the automobile exception for searching defendant’s vehicle. United States v. Lopez, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 69589 (N.D. Tex. Apr. 9, 2021).*

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