VA: 4A exclusionary rule does not apply in a civil zoning case

The Fourth Amendment exclusionary rule does not apply in a civil zoning case. Bd. of Supervisors of Fairfax Cty. v. Leach-Lewis, 2024 Va. LEXIS 38 (June 20, 2024).

Surveillance of him at a stash house and other information provided probable cause for the search warrant for defendant’s house. United States v. Ortiz, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 14914 (6th Cir. June 18, 2024).*

Defense counsel admitted that the lack of access to the search warrant papers was not prejudicial to the defense. Heath v. State, 2024 Fla. App. LEXIS 4766 (Fla. 1st DCA June 19, 2024).*

“Defendant asserts that law enforcement lacked reasonable suspicion to stop him because the stop was a pretext to investigate Defendant’s connection with a shooting in Cayey. But the evidence established” objective bases for the stop. United States v. Vazquez, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 108464 (D.P.R. June 14, 2024).*

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