An officer responding to a house where an assault was just reported to have occurred could stop a car backing out of the driveway because the occupant might have been involved in it. People v. Jiron, 2020 COA 36, 2020 Colo. App. LEXIS 542 (Mar. 5, 2020).
“In short, Torres-Bonilla has offered only conclusory claims that there was an unwritten custom accepting illegal seizures more broadly, but has not backed them up with any evidence. On this record, no reasonable jury could find there was a ‘widespread’ unofficial practice ‘so permanent and well settled as to constitute a custom or usage with the force of law.’ Brown, 923 F.2d at 1481 (quotations omitted and emphasis added). Accordingly, Torres-Bonilla has not provided sufficient evidence to create a genuine dispute based on his claim, and we affirm the district court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of the City of Sweetwater.” Torres-Bonilla v. City of Sweetwater, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 6884 (11th Cir. Mar. 5, 2020).*