The triggering event of an anticipatory warrant having occurred, the search warrant could be executed. The triggering event can be broadly construed. United States v. Santana, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 38086 (M.D. Pa. Mar. 5, 2020).
Plaintiff refused to get out of his vehicle, and the officer’s use of a dog on him wasn’t unreasonable on its face. The video showed the officer acting professionally and responsibly, and the most that could be said was that the officer could have called the dog off a second or two earlier. Qualified immunity applied. Ashford v. Raby, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 6927 (6th Cir. Mar. 5, 2020).*