Defendant was stopped and consented to a search of his truck. The consent search led to probable cause to believe the truck was transporting a lot of cash. Using a drill to find the cash was reasonable once there was probable cause. United States v. Martin, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 210573 (D. Kan. Dec. 6, 2019).
The court credits the officer that there was a traffic violation that required a stop. The officer developed reasonable suspicion for a patdown for weapons.“[W]hen Radford was turned around to face Corp. Maples, the vacuum-sealed package that he believed to be heroin, was visible in Radford’s jacket pocket. Because Corp. Maples had made a lawful traffic stop, and the incriminating nature of the package was immediately apparent, the search and seizure was lawful. Under the totality of circumstances, these facts are sufficient probable cause for the pat down and subsequent search and seizure of evidence.” United States v. Radford, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 210587 (S.D. Ind. Dec. 6, 2019).*