Voluntariness of consent in Colorado is proved by a preponderance of the evidence, not by clear and convincing evidence. People v. Delage, 2018 CO 45, 2018 Colo. LEXIS 435 (May 30, 2018).
The CI gave probable cause to stop defendant under the collective knowledge doctrine. United States v. Edwards, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 14348 (8th Cir. May 31, 2018).*
2255 petitioner’s claim officers didn’t have a search warrant was just wrong. And his admissions he had meth on him at the time of arrest led to his consent. United States v. Tafoya, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 89928 (D. N.M. May 30, 2018).*