Defendant refused to consent to a search so the officers made the choice to impound his car. It was a reasonable choice, although with a mixed motive to search and not just inventory. Nevertheless, it’s valid. State v. Gray, 2017 Iowa App. LEXIS 1184 (Nov. 22, 2017).
The victim’s story here provided the probable cause to believe that defendant had a gun in his car. United States v. Buckman, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 202929 (D. S.C. Dec. 8, 2017).*
The interaction with police was by consent on defendant’s porch and he volunteered to show them phone records and pictures on his phone. He also invited them in to the house to show them a dark room and computer room. United States v. Johnson, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 203147 (E.D. Mo. Oct. 12, 2017) (R&R).