E.D.Ky.: Collective knowledge doesn’t require any one of them to know everything they collectively know

There was reasonable suspicion for the stop, which the defense didn’t seriously contest. What they did contest was collective knowledge, and that doctrine does not require that each officer know what the others know. United States v. Johnson, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 87369 (E.D.Ky. June 30, 2016).

Defendant consented to an entry into his home by law enforcement officers. They had reason to believe at least one occupant of the home was in the country illegally. Defendant was seized when he and others were told to sit on the couch for officer safety, and the court finds that this was with reasonable suspicion. United States v. Cobo-Cobo, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 88107 (N.D.Iowa July 5, 2016),* adopted, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 112686 (N.D.Iowa Aug. 24, 2016).*

Officers following a lead of an armed carjacking were put on to the defendant as a suspect by a CI. They found him sitting on a house step, and he was extremely nervous, had a square edged bulge in his pocket like a gun, and he refused to stand up. A patdown was appropriate. United States v. Broadhurst, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 87432 (W.D.N.C. July 6, 2016).*

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