E.D.Va.: No RS for protective sweep of car for weapon

The officers lacked reasonable suspicion for a protective sweep of defendant’s car. His actions did not support any suggestion he might be armed. United States v. Trice, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 115463 (E.D. Va. June 29, 2022).*

Defendant’s refusal to get out of the car when instructed was at least probable cause to arrest him for obstruction of an officer. Reasonable suspicion developed around his having a gun because an empty holster was seen. The passenger also was uncooperative and she too was arrested for obstruction. A gun was found in her purse, and defendant spontaneously said that he made her hold it. Motions to suppress all denied. He also had no standing to challenge the search of her purse. United States v. Lewis, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 115417 (S.D. Ga. June 9, 2022).*

“The police stopped Dylan Noel Theobald after he allegedly struck an officer’s side mirror while driving on his motorcycle. Theobald denied doing so but offered to pay the officer whose mirror was hit $100. The police arrested Theobald for bribery, among other offenses. Theobald later moved to suppress the $100 offer because he hadn’t been given Miranda warnings even though he was interrogated while in custody. We adopt the federal new-crime exception to the Miranda exclusionary rule. Under this exception, a statement made by a person who is subject to custodial interrogation but not given Miranda warnings is still admissible if the statement itself is evidence of a new crime (such as bribery or a threat). We agree with the trial court that Theobald’s offer of money to the officer is admissible but disagree with the trial court that another statement Theobald made while in custody is admissible.” Theobald v. State, 2022 Ind. App. LEXIS 223 (June 30, 2022).*

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