Grabbing at one’s waistband while running from the police may have innocent explanations, too, but it signals contraband. Newman v. United States, 7-CF-520 (D.C. Sept. 2, 2021).
A delay between the traffic stop and an ultimate search is not per se unreasonable. “Here, when viewed collectively, the circumstances known to Officer Rodriguez provided reasonable suspicion that justified the thirty-eight-minute wait for the canine unit to arrive at the scene.” State v. Martinez, 11-20-00144-CR (Tex. App. – Eastland Sept. 2, 2021).*
Approaching defendant on the street was not a seizure. It was consensual. State v. Alvarenga-Lopez, 47914 (Idaho Aug. 31, 2021).*