CA8: GPS info can provide RS as to def’s location whether or not it’s admissible at trial

GPS information as to defendant’s location can be reasonable suspicion despite defendant’s claims it might not be admissible at trial. United States v. Martin, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 16822 (8th Cir. June 7, 2021):

The police had at least reasonable suspicion to stop the vehicle. The GPS tracker indicated that it was at the intersection of Kimberly and Spring. Martin argues the GPS was unreliable. In support, he points to cases in which courts heard testimony about the reliability and accuracy of GPS devices. See United States v. Brooks, 715 F.3d 1069, 1077-78 (8th Cir. 2013); United States v. Espinal-Almeida, 699 F.3d 588, 610-12 (1st Cir. 2012). But those cases are about the admission of the data at trial and do not address whether officers in the field can rely on third-party GPS data while pursuing suspects. Considering the tight window of opportunity officers have to locate a fleeing suspect, we find it reasonable for police to rely on third-party GPS data.

Other factors also supported the officers’ suspicion. …

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