Failure to include the search warrant and affidavit in the record on appeal waives the search issue. State v. Parks, 2019 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 740 (Nov. 13, 2019).
The officer gets qualified immunity because there was probable cause for plaintiff’s arrest. There was history between plaintiff and his wife over custody, and that underlies the probable cause. Also, the force used was not excessive, and only escalated as the force against him escalated. Defrates v. Podany, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 34160 (5th Cir. Nov. 14, 2019).*
The citizen informant’s story was detailed as to innocuous facts (like in Gates), but it was corroborated by two controlled buys. United States v. Reed, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 34131 (4th Cir. Nov. 15, 2019).*