The parties got into an argument, and plaintiff went back into his house. The defendant came in after him. “Without deciding whether Bailey’s arrest was supported by probable cause—or, as it goes in the qualified-immunity context, ‘arguable probable cause’—we reverse. Even assuming that Swindell had probable cause, he crossed what has been called a ‘firm’ and ‘bright’ constitutional line, and thereby violated the Fourth Amendment, when he stepped over the doorstep of Bailey’s parents’ home to make a warrantless arrest.” Bailey v. Swindell, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 30787 (11th Cir. Oct. 16, 2019).
A police officer off duty got into an argument over a personal matter and his firearm was discharged. It was not state action for § 1983. Morris v. City of Detroit, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 30749 (6th Cir. Oct. 16, 2019).*