Defendant’s claim of standing in the home of another depends upon a Spanish language document [in PR federal court where everyone is bilingual] that was untranslated for the judge [and apparently not for appeal]. Therefore, his standing argument fails. But everything was harmless anyway based on overwhelming evidence of guilt. United States v. Rivera-Carrasquillo, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 23217 (1st Cir. Aug. 2, 2019).
The officer developed reasonable suspicion during the stop because of defendant’s nervousness, travel along a known drug corridor, plans for a trip that exceeded the rental period of the car, not specifically knowing where he was going, and too much luggage for such a short trip. United States v. Segovia, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 129376 (E.D. Pa. Aug. 2, 2019).*