M.D.Pa.: Controlled buy is PC to arrest

A controlled buy was probable cause to arrest. United States v. Jackson, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 158445 (M.D. Pa. Sep. 18, 2018).*

Plaintiffs’ claim that an administrative code violation search was a pretext for a criminal search fails on the merits on summary judgment. Newberry v. County of San Bernardino, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 26420 (9th Cir. Sep. 18, 2018).*

“The affidavit thus establishes the following: (1) a specific sale of marijuana by the defendant to a confidential informant; (2) the reliability of the informant; (3) based on the informant’s reliability, the defendant’s ongoing practice of selling marijuana (not a one-time sale); (4) the common practice of drug dealers keeping drugs, weapons, business records and large sums of cash secured someplace; (5) the common practice of drug dealers using their residences for these purposes; and (6) the common practice of drug dealers making sales away from their residences precisely because evidence (including proceeds) of their illegal activity is kept there. The defendant makes no challenge to the accuracy, reliability or weight of items (2) – (6); instead, he ignores them.” United States v. Hill, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 158928 (S.D. Ala. Sep. 18, 2018).*

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