BOLO information shared with officers at the beginning of their shift qualifies as collective knowledge. Emanuel v. People, 2018 V.I. Supreme LEXIS 10 (June 15, 2018) (relying on United States v. Braden, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 115755 (W.D. Tenn. July 6, 2012)).
Defendant’s presence in the house was solely for the purpose of buying drugs, he was to be there for a short time, and he thus had no standing. Thus, the court doesn’t even have to decide probable cause. State v. Tilley , 2018 W. Va. LEXIS 540 (June 15, 2018) (memorandum).*