Asking the same question three times within five minutes during a traffic stop prolonged the stop, but it was all with reasonable suspicion. United States v. Brooks, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1691 (D. Mont. Jan. 4, 2018).
Defendant’s stop wasn’t unlawfully extended, and likely not extended at all, because the computer response to the inquiry during his traffic stop said that his PO should be called by any officer stopping him. Defendant was nervous and sweaty with needle track marks on his arm. The call was made while the ticket was being written, and then the officer went to ask defendant whether there was anything in the car. The trial court’s findings are supported by the record. State v. Urig, 289 Ore. App. 693, 2018 Ore. App. LEXIS 41 (Jan. 5, 2018).*
Defendant’s withholding a key pending a state court order was reasonable under the Fourth Amendment and not state action. Velazquez v. Logan, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 243 (9th Cir. Jan. 4, 2018).*