The officer had reasonable suspicion to frisk defendant, and the drugs in his pocket were discovered by plain feel. United States v. Graves, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 25157 (3d Cir. Dec. 13, 2017).
Smell of marijuana during a traffic stop was probable cause for the automobile exception. People v. Singletary, 2017 NY Slip Op 08699, 2017 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 8783 (2d Dept. Dec. 13, 2017).*
A CI provided information about defendant, and the location information was corroborated by the officer; then a hand-to-hand buy was arranged with the CI, which the officer observed. That’s probable cause. United States v. Hogan, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 204831 (M.D. Pa. Dec. 12, 2017).*