- D.Neb.: Initial entry into hotel room was unlawful, but affidavit for SW showed PC before that happened, and SW not suppressed
- Three on ineffective assistance claims
- GA: State privilege against self-incrimination prevents the state from using refusal to submit to a BAC test at trial
- CA5: Ptf’s indictment by a Texas grand jury cuts off his malicious prosecution claim
- D.D.C.: Knotted plastic bag of drugs in waistband was in plain view
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Fourth Amendment cases,
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Uncategorized
Use of a sniffer device to search defendant’s computers at Emory University was not unreasonable just because the search warrant didn’t mention using it. United States v. Sullivan, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 23315 (11th Cir. Aug. 21, 2018).* Defendant was … Continue reading
OH6: Traffic stop led to finding outstanding warrants and led to valid search of car, without even trying to tell us how
Defendant was lawfully stopped for a lane violation. Running his DL led to finding outstanding warrants. “Having ascertained appellant’s identity and outstanding felony warrants, a lawful search led to the discovery of appellant’s unlawful drugs and firearm.” [What was the … Continue reading
D.P.R.: The fact the police statements weren’t the same doesn’t mean there’s a Franks violation or no PC
The officer’s statement wasn’t inconsistent with the reports of others and didn’t support a Franks claim. It’s entirely possible that the reports of others were all true and merely reported different observations than the officers. Therefore, no Franks violation. United … Continue reading
“Johnson argues that ‘if a search warrant was required then the 10th Amendment requires the Department of Justice to obtain subject matter jurisdiction because the administration of criminal justice under our federal system has rested with the States.’ Pro Se … Continue reading
Not a Fourth Amendment case, but a relevance issue in drug cases: Was there prejudice from testimony about a Jesus Malverde statute? United States v. Valencia, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 21659 (8th Cir. Aug. 6, 2018)*:
Res judicata barred plaintiff’s claims against the county for illegal search already decided against him in the criminal case. Cooper v. Montgomery County Sheriff, 2018-Ohio-2965, 2018 Ohio App. LEXIS 3208 (2d Dist. July 27, 2018). “Based on the totality of … Continue reading
After the Parkland FL school shooting, police got a search warrant for all the school video. The news media then made a public records request for it all, which the court found reasonable. “The evidence presented by the Media establishes … Continue reading
CA11: Newly discovered evidence that officer committed perjury years after obtaining def’s SW wasn’t sufficient for successor habeas
Newly discovered evidence that the police officer involved in obtaining the search warrant for petitioner had committed perjury in some other proceeding years later wasn’t sufficient to show actual innocence for successor habeas. In re Taylor, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS … Continue reading
OH3: Def counsel not ineffective for strategy not to challenge car search to distance him from the drugs for trial
Defense counsel was not ineffective for not filing a motion to suppress because he would have to admit he owned or possessed the car for standing, and that was contrary to his defense that it wasn’t his drugs. State v. … Continue reading
DC (en banc): Way off topic but important: Possibility of deportation makes a “petty” offense “serious” and requires a jury trial
Bado v. United States, 2018 D.C. App. LEXIS 258 (June 21, 2018) (en banc):
CA3: Mere presence of transgender student in bathroom of gender identity violates no privacy right of ptfs
Plaintiffs objected to transgender students using school bathrooms in accord with their gender identity claiming a right of privacy. The district court denied an injunction and they appealed. The Third Circuit affirmed because there was no infringement on their privacy … Continue reading
WaPo: Texas woman says warrant presented for son killed by police by AP: ARLINGTON, Texas — The mother of a black Texas man whom police fatally shot last year said Wednesday that sheriff’s deputies recently turned up at her mother’s … Continue reading