The district court credited the dog handler that the dog alerted. “To the extent that Goldberg brings a legal challenge, this court has held that an alert, as opposed to a final indication, is sufficient to establish probable cause.” United States v. Goldberg, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 7431 (10th Cir. Mar. 15, 2021).
Appellant “has not made a prima facie showing, even if Border Patrol agents failed to question her about alienage or illegal entry, that her arrest near the border was an egregious violation of her Fourth Amendment rights.” Gonzalez-Ponce v. Garland, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 7413 (9th Cir. Mar. 15, 2021).*