IA: Def’s association with known drug dealers without any nexus to his own house isn’t PC

“Although we decide marginal cases in favor of upholding warrants, we cannot rubber stamp the authorization to search a home unsupported by probable cause. Here, the search warrant application established Higgins’s association with people who used or delivered controlled substances. But the application offered no observations, direct or indirect, showing Higgins kept drugs in his home. Without that nexus, the issuing magistrate did not have a substantial basis to find probable cause for the warrant. We thus reverse the suppression ruling and remand for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.” State v. Higgins, 2020 Iowa App. LEXIS 347 (Apr. 1, 2020).

A controlled buy under surveillance was probable cause to search the car involved. United States v. Villa, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 56445 (S.D. Ohio. Mar. 31, 2020).*

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