Defendant claimed a lack of consent due to a language barrier. The court finds one officer was proficient enough in Spanish to effectively communicate the request for consent. United States v. Molina-Lopez, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 191087 (W.D. Mo. Sept. 24, 2019).
Plaintiff was ordered by family court to do a drug test. Abstention prevents federal court from review. Leave to amend is granted, if he can. Bro Bashiri Coleman-Bey v. Childrens Aid Soc’y, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 191013 (S.D. N.Y. Oct. 30, 2019).*