Defendant was surveilled in a funeral home at a funeral, and he was stopped later. Rodriguez does not apply before the stop actually occurred. United States v. Thompson, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 185267 (W.D. Ky. Oct. 30, 2018).
“Such specific information, corroborated by other witnesses and the officer’s own investigation, is sufficient to indicate the reliability and veracity of the informant. While Elmore is correct that an informant whose prior tips proved reliable can be considered more reliable for the instant tip, failure to produce evidence from prior tips is not dispositive, particularly where, as here, there is independent corroboration of multiple kinds.” This entire investigation lasted a month, and there is no indication of staleness. United States v. Elmore, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 185265 (W.D. Ky. Oct. 30, 2018).*