Under the collective knowledge doctrine, the officer actually making the stop doesn’t have to know much of anything that the officers with knowledge know. Nothing needs to be communicated, other than the identity of the person or car stopped. There was reasonable suspicion for the stop held by those with knowledge. United States v. Beachem, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 179951 (N.D. Ind. Oct. 19, 2018 10:45:15 p.m. CDT).
Defendant waived the search issue of his cell phone by pleading guilty. Even if it could be raised, by all appearances, he abandoned the phone in flight, so the issue had no chance of success. United States v. Bradbury, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 176374 (E.D. Wash. Oct. 15, 2018).*