A shots fired call led to the stop of defendant’s car. The officer’s seeing spent shell casings inside was probable cause, and the reasonable suspicion calculus of extending the stop doesn’t apply. United States v. Cooper, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1571 (E.D. Ky. Jan. 4, 2018).
Defendant’s traffic stop for no seat belt was probable cause for a stop. Defendant’s actions during the stop gave reasonable suspicion for more. Finally, the record supports the conclusion he consented to a search of the vehicle. People v. Cummings, 2018 NY Slip Op 00043, 2018 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 48 (3d Dept. Jan. 4, 2018).*
There was a GPS tracker on defendant’s RV placed by court order. The traffic stop was based on a suspended DL and a search warrant for the vehicle already issued. United States v. Parr, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1534 (N.D. W.Va. Jan. 4, 2018).*