The special needs doctrine justified warrantless random drug testing of juvenile detention officers. A documented problem of drug abuse is not required before they can be tested. The government satisfies its burden for random drug testing in this context balanced against individual privacy. Washington v. Unified Government of Wyandotte County/Kansas City, Kansas, 847 F.3d 1192 (10th Cir. 2017).
A former state chief magistrate judge had his conviction affirmed for, inter alia, causing unreasonable searches and seizures of a staff member by having her arrested for drugs. He was also convicted of witness tampering and planting drugs. Only his conviction of personally searching her cell phone by looking through it is vacated. United States v. Cochran, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 4751 (11th Cir. March 17, 2017).*