An off-duty police officer saw defendant appeared drunk in her car in a Sonic parking lot and called it in. He was a citizen informant. State v. Irwin, 2016 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 841 (Nov. 8, 2016).
The search of defendant’s bag at an immigration checkpoint after he first denied ownership of it and a dog alerted on it was valid under the Fourth Amendment so defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not arguing it. United States v. Gonzalez, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 154636 (S.D.Tex. Nov. 8, 2016).*
An RCMP detective called DHS in Montana that a load of cocaine was suspected coming to Canada through Kalispell. A name and vehicle make was passed on. While the tip was apparently anonymous on the Canadian side, the vehicle with the named driver showed up and was stopped for speeding heading north to Canada. After brief questioning, reasonable suspicion developed, and that justified continuing the stop. United States v. Browne, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 154939 (D.Mont. Nov. 8, 2016).*